Lead: In the years before the Civil War bleeding Kansas produced two guerrilla leaders who laid waste to the countryside inflaming passions on either side of the question of slavery, James Henry Lane and William Quantrill.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The survival of the Federal Union has proven to be the great question of United States history. Among the issues that divided the regions none more threatened the life of the Union or proved to be more incendiary than slavery. As an institution the practice of human servitude was a running sore infecting national life, striking at the heart of those principles upon which the Republic was established. The Founder's put off a final decision about slavery and as the years passed tensions grew around this issue. Soon compromise was replaced by violence and that matter along with the larger one of state's sovereignty was finally settled as blood soaked the battlefields of Fredericksburg, Antietam, and Sharp's Landing.