Lead: In 1868 the United States government arranged a treaty with a loose plains tribal confederation of various clans known as the Sioux.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: This treaty set aside a huge tract of land in what is now western South Da-kota. This was reserved to them for all time, but gold had been discovered in the Black Hills Mountain Range of the Dakotas and Wyoming in 1874 and the resulting flood of miners and ranchers into the Sioux reservation created substantial tension. The Indians resented the white presence and often were not shy in reprisal.