Lead: In recent years an increasing number of children have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (A.D.H.D.). With that increase has come abuse.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Scientists are not 100% sure of the cause of the syndrome but studies in the early 2000s have indicated that it is a malfunction in the frontal cortex of the brain which affects executive functions such as reasoning, planning, focusing, and problem solving. Dopamine, a neurotransmitter, has been determined to be deficient in people with A.D.H.D. Absent sufficient quantities of dopamine, a patient may have trouble with memory and task flexibility. Studies by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) indicate that a child affected by A.D.H.D. may daydream a lot or lose important items, make careless mistakes, overdo physical activity, talk a lot and have reduced social skills. Unfortunately, this diagnosis is rather vague since such characterize many young children not all of which are troubled by A.D.H.D. This imprecise analysis is made even more complicated because of the drugs that have typically been used to treat the syndrome; drugs that have led to abuse of near epidemic proportions.