Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Despite deep-seated opposition to permanent military forces, after the Glorious Revolution in 1688 England acquired a ruling King, a Dutchman, William of Orange, husband of Mary Stuart. The foreign policy of William and Mary therefore primarily involved protecting Holland from the forces of French King Louis XIV, and interdicting French military ambitions elsewhere in Europe and the world. This power projection required much more than a small militia charged with constabulary duties in the cities and counties of England. It required a large standing Army and the maintenance of a major Navy. There were three wars with the French: 1688-1697, 1702-1713, and 1736-1763. This series of conflicts cost a lot of money and by the end of War of Spanish Succession in 1713, the primary source of governmental revenue theretofore, a tax on land, just wasn’t enough.