Lead: At the beginning of the Civil War South faced a quandary. Should it use its slaves or not and how.

 Intro.: Dan Roberts and A Moment in Time with Jamestown - Journey of Democracy, tracing the global advance of democratic ideals since the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Content: Both north and south were ambivalent about the role African-Americans would play in the coming conflagration. With emancipation the road seemed clear for black participation in the Union effort. The issues were much more complex. They were philosophical and practical. From a practical point of view, they could be an effective human resource in the absence of whites who went off to war. They could use for municipal projects and could be used in the construction of  defensive placements in front of vulnerable southern cities such as Vicksburg Richmond Petersburg.