Lead: The election of Abraham Lincoln in November 1860, set the course of secession, but the decisive decision did not come until April 1861.

Intro.: Dan Roberts and A Moment in Time with Jamestown - Journey of Democracy, tracing the global advance of democratic ideals since the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Content: During the 1850s, an increasing number of southern partisans had come to the conclusion that state sovereignty and the institution of slavery could no longer survive within the Union. The numbers were then beginning to work against the South. The white population of the North was increasing exponentially. Within the South’s failsafe institution, the U.S. Senate, the number of senators opposed to the spread of slavery was increasing with the addition of each new territory. When Kansas was at last admitted as a free state after years of turmoil and bloody conflict, the handwriting was on the wall. The election of Abraham Lincoln, a man unreservedly opposed to the spread of slavery, convinced many Southerners, indeed most stubborn that the time had come to leave.


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