Lead: Conflict over a protective tariff almost produced Civil War in the United States in 1833.

Intro.: Dan Roberts and A Moment in Time, with Jamestown - Journey of Democracy, tracing the global advance of democratic ideals since the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Angered over protective tariffs which benefited northern industry and hurt southern farmers, southerners, led by United States Vice-President John C. Calhoun of South Carolina in the early 1830s, advocated nullification. If states were convinced the Federal government had passed laws that were unconstitutional, they could nullify them, declare them inoperative inside their state's boundaries.