Lead: In 1947, at the partition of India, two regions were set up, a thousand miles apart which would become a homeland for Muslims and a separate Islamic Republic known as Pakistan. In 1971 East Pakistan declared independence.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: From the beginning the two regions of Pakistan were incompatible. Despite their shared religion, the majority of East Pakistan who spoke Bengali felt their second-class status. Most of the army and civil service came from West Pakistan and spoke Urdu the language of the West. Attempts were made to recruit more Bengalis but by the 1960s only a third of the civil service of East Pakistan came from there. Most of the national budget was spent in the West even though most of national income came from the sale of jute and tea grown in East Pakistan.