Lead: After thirty years of struggle, Eritrea achieved its independence.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: Because it was situated strategically on the Red Sea coast, Eritrea has proven an attractive target for neighboring powers. Egyptians, Ethiopians, and Turkish forces have occupied this territory. In 1890, Italy, in part seeking colonies to validate its status as a new nation, established the colony of Eritrea and was dominant in the region until the first years of World War II. Britain held Eritrea under a United Nations mandate until 1952 when Ethiopia took control of the region First Federalism was tried. This permitted a reasonable degree of autonomy for Eritrea but did not work because Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I increasingly restricted the freedom of Eritreans and in 1962 he annexed the region.

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