Lead:  One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is A House Divided.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The term “whig” comes out of English political history and is derived from the Scottish word “whiggamor” or cattle driver. It was a term of abuse and derision directed against Scottish Covenanter Presbyterian opponents of King Charles I. It came into wide use in the “Exclusion Crisis” of the 1680s and was applied to those who wished to exclude from the English throne, James, Duke of York, the brother of King Charles II, because James was a Roman Catholic.