Lead:  One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is A House Divided.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the 1850s, there was much conservative anti-Negro sentiment in the North. Illinois, Iowa and Indiana went so far as to pass sweeping laws preventing immigration by any blacks, slave or free. This was in part designed to assure the south by walling off those states as potential sanctuaries to fleeing slaves, but it also reflected the inherent racism of most Northerners in this period. Then this opinion began to shift. One important factor in the transformation of Yankee feelings toward negroes and slavery in general was the publication of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin or Life Among the Lowly.