Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As the American sectional crisis loomed in the 1840s and 1850s, thoughtful Southern leaders were growing alarmed over the economic disparity between slave and free states. By nearly indicator, the region that would comprise the Confederacy was falling behind. Industrial canal mileage was just 14% of the national total. Southern railroads comprised about a third of the nation’s trackage. By the war years, Southern manufacturing capacity was less than a fifth of the national whole. For instance, a single Massachusetts town, Lowell, had more textile spindles in operation than all eleven Confederate states combined.

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