Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided.”

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: America’s greatest crisis was decided in favor of the proponents of Union because in the end, one side was able to grind the other into submission, physically. It was not immediate, but over time, the enormous population disparity between the North’s and the South’s white majorities sealed the fate of the Confederacy. In 1860 due mostly to immigration and a faster birthrate, the American population had grown much faster than Europe and even the world’s. With thirty-two million inhabitants in its states and territories, the United States was the largest nation in the western world save Russia and France. The Union had a population of over 20,000,000. The white Confederacy had just about 5,000,000, with 4,000,000 slaves either at its disposal or as its burden.

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