Lead: Their debate may have begun on the questions of tariffs and sale of cheap western land, but in January 1830, Hayne and Webster really were debating the future of the Union.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1830 many southerners thought tariffs hurt the sales of cotton overseas. Many westerners were angered that the federal government was considering cutting back on the sale of cheap land which was one reason people were moving west. For decades this was a powerful alliance of convenience, but in January 1830 the debate over land boiled over into a argument over the Constitution. On one side was Senator Robert Hayne of South Carolina. He believed that a state could cancel or nullify any federal law it thought wrong. He was opposed by Daniel Webster.