Lead: Starting out to debate high tariffs and the sale of cheap western land, in January 1930 Senators Robert Y. Hayne and Daniel Webster got sidetracked.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Founders settled a number of important issues when they constructed the United States, but the Constitution of 1787 left untreated several key matters. One was the running sore of slavery and closely associated with that was the unresolved question of states’ rights. The several sovereign states had come together to form the Union, but what powers did they retain? In 1830 high tariffs on imported goods were threatening the overseas sale of southern cotton. Dixie congressmen were hoping to find common cause with westerners also threatened in their case by a proposed halt in the sale of cheap federal land.