Lead: The argument over tariffs led to the Hayne-Webster debate.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Throughout U.S. history there has been a running dispute over trade. Competing regions and political parties have tried to use the taxing power of the federal government, which alone can place a tax on imported goods, to give them an advantage. In the 1800s Northern states were often in favor of high tariffs on imported goods, particularly from England, because a big tax on imports meant they would cost a lot more than items made in the USA, thus protecting American infant industry. The South with very little manufacturing, wanted the lowest possible tariff so that when southerners went overseas to sell their cotton, tobacco and grain they would not face high import tariffs imposed by foreign governments in retaliation for high U.S. tariffs. Each region was out for its own best interest. In 1828 Congress passed the so-called "Tariff of Abominations." It protected northern manufacturers, but was bad for the south.