Lead: Beset by plague, war, and religious conflict Spain in the 1400s forced the mass conversion of thousands of Jews and Moslems and enforced this policy with the Spanish Inquisition.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: Despite hundreds of years of warfare between Moslem and Christian kingdoms in Spain, both groups were reasonably tolerant of their Jewish citizens. This began to change in the middle of the 1300s with the coming of the Black Death. The Bubonic Plague reduced the population of some areas of Europe by a third and the cities of Spain were not spared. This was inflicted on a peninsula engaged in almost continual warfare as Christian rulers attempted throw the Moslems out of areas they had taken hundreds of years before. To make matters worse Europe's great unifying institution, the Roman Catholic Church could not help people deal with all of these troubles. It was distracted and divided. From 1378 to 1415 the Great Schism divided the church. Two popes one in Avignon in France and the other in Rome demanded the loyalty of the nations of Europe.

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