Lead: A Virginia girl, product of an unhappy home and a common law marriage, at times homeless, a delinquent, street dancer and a numbers runner for the mob, but, oh my goodness, could Ella Fitzgerald sing.

 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.                

Content: The Great Migration in the late 19th and early 20th century lured many blacks from the south to northern cities thinking that there were jobs there. Too often there were not. Caught up in that diaspora was Temperance Williams and her three year old daughter Ella Fitzgerald. They struggled in their new home, Yonkers, New York even as Temperance acquired a new beau, Joseph Da Silva, a Portuguese immigrant who probably abused Ella but with whom Temperance had another daughter, Frances Da Silva, Ella’s only sibling and life-long intimate.