Lead: The shock troops of the 1960s upheaval, the Chinese Cultural Revolution, were the Red Guards. They became an irresistible force of terror inflicting brutal treatment on thousands of Chinese citizens and destroying priceless parts of China's cultural heritage.   

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1966, Chinese Communist Chairman Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution. Ostensibly, it was a movement designed to shore up the communist movement in China but in reality it was an ill disguised means for Mao, then in his twilight years, to protect his own power and firmly establish his legacy. To accomplish this, the chairman caused the creation of an army of young idealists, the Red Guards, and sent them out to attack any who would deviate from his own principles.