Lead:  In 1966, Chinese leader Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution. It was an attempt to shore up his power and secure his legacy long into the future. It ended up nearly destroying China. 

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Mao had been the leader and the heart of Chinese Communism since the 1920s. Though not the founder of the party, he had nursed the movement in its infancy, preserved it during the dark years when in order to survive, the Red Army in various groups had to flee by the Long March into interior China during the Civil War. He had led the Communists in common cause with Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang against the Japanese in the 1930s and 1940s and in 1949 had triumphed over Chiang, banishing the latter to Taiwan and establishing undisputed Communist control of the mainland.