American Revolution: Stamp Act Crisis II

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: The Stamp Act of 1765 was marked by an eruption of civil unrest theretofore unheard of in America. In colony after colony, stamp collectors were burned in effigy and then forced to resign their commissions, sometimes before even receiving them. Shipments of the stamped paper were destroyed. Alleged supporters of the Stamp levy found themselves threatened by mob action and their property put at risk. In August Lt. Governor Thomas Hutchinson’s beautiful brick home in Boston was methodically taken apart by a mob and everything moveable was stolen. They even ripped up the slate roof. From New Hampshire to George opponents of the Act took exquisite pains to demonstrate their revulsion to Parliament’s action. Widespread calls for a boycott of British goods began to gather support and soon a marked decline in cross-oceanic business activity began to pinch merchants and manufacturers in the mother country.

American Revolution: Stamp Act Crisis I

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: George Grenville, Chief Minister to King George III, was trying to manage a looming British financial crisis, but primarily was looking for money to pay for British troops based in America. Having levied a tax on the molasses used to make colonial rum, he wanted more money. Therefore, in 1764 he began hinting that Americans should pay for the paper used to transact legal business in the colonies. No such official dealings could be conducted on paper not bearing a governmental stamp. The government would sell the paper to the colonists and by this raise money for the troops. Colonial representatives were beyond emphatic that this stamp tax would be met with resentment and resistance. Grenville even toyed with the colonies by seeming to seek their input on the method of collection, but in the end it became clear that he was just being disingenuous and was determined to levy the stamp tax no matter what.

Ahmed Khan Durrani: Father of Afghanistan

Lead: In the history of Afghanistan few names exceed the importance of Ahmed Khan.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: Throughout its history as a nation Afghanistan has had to jealously guard its position and independence. It is a desert land, dry and mountainous with a certain desolate beauty, whose attraction to its neighbors has less to do with this natural resource than its strategic position across the path of conquest from the central plains of Asia into the rich Indian sub-continent. The Afghan people are an alliance of tribal groups the majority of which derive their ethnic heritage from a racial group known as Pushtoons and speak an Indo-European language that is related to but does not come from Persian.

 

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First Ladies: Lou Henry Hoover

Lead: Married to one of the most reviled and revered Presidents in U.S. history, Lou Henry Hoover considered it a privilege to stand in his shadow.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Lou Henry was a banker’s daughter and met her husband the future President in the laboratory of their favorite Stanford Professor, geologist John Casper Branner. He was shy but they hit it off right away and shortly after he graduated, Lou and Herb Hoover were informally engaged.

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Ray Kroc and the World of Fast Food II

Lead: In the mid-1950s salesman extraordinaire Raymond Albert Kroc charmed the founders of a little restaurant chain into placing him in charge of expansion. His problem: feeble profits.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As the consummate marketer, Kroc was able to sell franchises at a rapid rate, but there was no mechanism to force franchisees to adhere to McDonald’s business model and his obsession with “QSC – Quality, Service and Cleanliness.” The solution was to go into the real estate business. The company would buy the land and build the building and after a rigorous selection process sell the outlet to the franchisee, whom Kroc now considered his partner, at a ridiculously low rate. The conditions for operation were built into the lease for the property, the cost of which was determined by a graduated percentage of gross sales.

Ray Kroc and the World of Fast Food I

Lead: Born at the dawn of the twentieth century, master salesman Ray Kroc helped transform the way the world consumed food.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After brief service as an ambulance driver trainee in World War II, Kroc began his professional life and gradually absorbed the craft of salesmanship. After nearly two decades with cup manufacturer Lily-Tulip, rising to mid-western sales-manager, Kroc became fascinated with the multispindled milkshake maker. He eventually bought the company, Prince Castle, and in the post-World War II business revival the company prospered.

American Revolution: Washington, New Commander III

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: In 1755 London determined to capture Fort Duquesne, a fortress the French had built at the Forks of the Ohio near present-day Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and drive the French from the Ohio valley. They sent a large expedition of British regulars under General Edward Braddock. George Washington joined Braddock’s staff as a Lt. Colonel, but on the trail, Washington became severely ill. Fortunately, he re-joined the Braddock column in time to participate in the Battle of the Monongahela. The British were ambushed and suffered a catastrophic defeat. Braddock was a brave but incompetent leader, unused to wilderness fighting, and when his forces stumbled into the French and their Native American allies, suffered a defeat counted among the worst the British suffered in the war. Braddock was killed and Washington rallied the remaining troops, took command of the rear guard and organized an orderly and strategic retreat even though he was still wracked with fever and a severe headache. His performance in battle and in the retreat won him admiration from his men and the authorities in both Virginia and London.

American Revolution: Washington, New Commander II

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: In the years prior to his emergence on the national and international stage, in many ways the personal and professional destiny of George Washington was forged in the Ohio Valley. He knew the area because of his work as an aspiring surveyor of western lands. Because of this familiarity with the Ohio, in 1753, Virginia Governor Dinwiddie sent him and a small group of frontiersmen on a diplomatic mission to seek alliance with Iroquois nations and to deliver a letter demanding the French withdraw back into Canada. When the French politely rebuffed the Governor’s demand, Washington returned to Virginia and Dinwiddie published the diary of his journey which was read widely, even as far as London, thus enhancing his growing reputation.