Lead: Surrounded by East Germany and its citizens sometimes subjected to hostile restrictions on travel, West Berlin proved itself a shining example of the virtues of political and economic freedom. It had to be stopped.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts. 

Content: By 1960 East Germany was in trouble. Its population was restless under communist repression, its economy was dependent on Soviet aid, and suffered under the usual inefficiencies of a Marxist command structure. Its population was declining. Thousands were exercising the opportunity of free access to West Berlin to escape to the West. 200,000 in the first seven months of 1961 alone walked across the various allied checkpoints in West Berlin and never looked back. East Germany could not survive this continued exodus.

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