Lead: In 1954 the United States Supreme Court helped dismantle the elaborate structure of segregated American society. Its vehicle was Brown vs the Topeka Kansas Board of Education.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the years following the Civil War, the United States Congress passed legislation designed to firmly protect the results of the Union victory, the end of slavery, and the civil liberties of millions of emancipated African Americans. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, particularly its equal protection clause, was specifically intended to guarantee the civil rights of newly freed blacks. Numerous laws signed during the Reconstruction era were adopted to re-enforce at all levels of national life, the conviction that Negroes were entitled to full participation in political affairs and the absolute protection of the law.



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