The Huguenots – Part III

Lead: In 1562 a group of French Protestants, called Huguenots, led by naval officer Jean Ribaut, attempted a settlement on the Sea Islands of South Carolina but abandoned it in less than a year.

                 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                 Content: Forty-five years before the founding of Jamestown, Virginia, Huguenots, fleeing persecution for their faith, attempted to establish a colony in the South. Jean Ribaut determined conditions were favorable on present day Parris Island, South Carolina. There they built Charlesfort named after the French king.

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The Huguenots – Part II

Lead: Forty-five years before the settlement of Jamestown, Huguenots, French Protestants, led by French officer Jean Ribaut, attempted a permanent settlement in the New World.

                 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                 Content: By the early 1560s Huguenots, French followers of John Calvin, had known spectacular growth in numbers and influence. After at first dismissing the infant movement as a passing phase, Catholic nobles allied with the church stirred themselves to a program of persecution and outright warfare against rival Protestants. Between 1562 and 1598, eight wars of religion ripped apart French national life. The climax came in the summer of 1572 when 2000 thousands of Huguenots were murdered in Paris by Catholic mobs on St. Bartholomew’s Day. Thousands more were killed out in the countryside. In response to such persecution, over the next century hundreds of thousands of Huguenots left France to find religious toleration elsewhere. In 1562 Huguenot Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, organized an expedition to the New World to establish a colony, which would serve as an asylum for persecuted Huguenots.

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The Huguenots – Part I

Lead: By 1655 Protestantism had taken root in France. The Huguenot movement grew with such vigor that it transformed the religious and political landscape of France. Soon religious dispute became religious warfare.

                 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                 Content: The Protestant Reformation had its roots in the heart of Europe and in England. Jon Hus in Bohemia and John Wycliff in England articulated early efforts at reform and Martin Luther’s work in Germany after 1517 marked the dissolution of European Christian unity. France was largely spared the turmoil emerging from Germany until the writings of a French expatriate, former Catholic humanist scholar, John Calvin, began to make their way across the border from Geneva, Switzerland where he had taken refuge in the 1530s. Calvin’s Institute of the Christian Religion, in its many editions, struck a responsive chord among many Frenchmen anxious for social and political, as well as religious reform. The connection between the Vatican in Rome and the French ruling class, royal and aristocratic, was extremely close. In exchange for championing the Roman Catholic Church in France and throughout Europe, French kings were permitted unusual control over church affairs in France. It was a relationship, symbiotic, mutually beneficial and corrupt.

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Azaria Chamberlain and Media Power – II

Lead: In August 1980 nine-week old Azaria Chamberlain disappeared from the family camping tent near Ayers Rock in central Australia. Her parents became the center of a firestorm of hype demonstrating the power of the popular media for good or ill.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content:  Ridiculous rumors were rife. The name Azaria, people said, meant sacrifice in the wilderness. The child had been seen in black baby clothing, or maybe white baby clothes with a black fringe. She had been mentally injured in an accident and since her parents Seventh Day Adventist faith allegedly rejected such a condition, Azaria had been taken to the Rock and ritually killed. Her mother Lindy suffered from depression. A dingo couldn’t drag an infant off, tear it out of a buttoned up jumpsuit and eat it.

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Azaria Chamberlain and Media Power – I

Lead: In the winter of 1980, nine-week-old Azaria Chamberlain disappeared from the family tent near Ayers Rock in central Australia. Her mother said, “The dingo’s got my baby.” Others were not so sure.

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: Ayers Rock, known to indigenous Australians as Uluru, is the world’s largest monolith, a single structure of course grained limestone, 318 meters above and 3.5 miles the below the desert floor near Alice Springs in Northern Territory of Australia. Depending on the hour and climatic conditions the rock can radiate spectacular variety of color. Thousands visit each year to examine its unique characteristics or to worship.

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The Gettysburg Address – Part II

Lead: On November 18, 1863, at the dedication of the National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, “appropriate remarks” Abraham Lincoln was asked to deliver are remembered as a masterful example of rhetorical English.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

               

Content: The soldier’s national cemetery was dedicated four months following the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Seventeen acres were purchased on Cemetery Ridge near the center of the Union line during the battle. Confederate soldiers were reburied on the battlefield and then permanently interred in southern cemeteries following the war.

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The Gettysburg Address – Part I

Lead: In July 1863, the bloody sacrifices at the Battle of Gettysburg inspired the idea for a national cemetery. Its dedication was the scene of an historic speech by the President of the United States.

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: When Union and Confederate armies marched away from the small Pennsylvania municipality of Gettysburg in July 1863, the town of 2,500 people was in shambles. Over the three days of fighting there were 51,000 casualties, the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War. Townspeople were left with the daunting task of caring for thousands of injured and dying soldiers and for the burial of 7,000 dead  left behind on the battlefield along with the carcasses of 5,000 horses.

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Japanese American Concentration Camps – II

Lead: During World War II the United States, incarcerated over 100,000 Japanese American citizens. Fear and political calculation combined to produce a constitutional and personal travesty.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: The detention centers were Spartan and at first barely livable, but gradually conditions improved for these American citizens, men, women and children, who had been shipped from their homes on the Pacific coast to the ten inland concentration camps. In retrospect the entire evacuation was unnecessary, born of political calculation and fear. In the wake of Japan’s sudden attack on December 7th, there was an explosion of patriotic sentiment and anger against all things Japanese. Newspapers fed the feelings of hurt and betrayal with often inaccurate stories about possible Japanese American complicity in the assault. The U.S. military had been unprepared by the attack and was fearful of an invasion. The Western Defense Command demanded the removal of ethnic Japanese, despite their citizenship. Yet, there was no credible evidence that Japanese Americans had or would have helped in any invasion.

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