Last Full Measure –Franklin Buchanan, Man Without A Country

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro:  A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Civil War brought the naval career of Franklin Buchanan to an abrupt halt. In the annals of the United States Navy, the service of few officers equal in luster to that of Franklin Buchanan. A native of Maryland, he went to sea when he was fourteen years old. When the Southern states seceded in 1861 the sixty-year-old Buchanan already had a distinguished and memorable career. He planned the organization of the United States Military Academy and from 1845 served as its first superintendent. He was executive commander of the Navy's first major steam-powered warship, the Mississippi, and commanded the flagship of Commodore Oliver C. Perry in the 1853 expedition to Japan. On that voyage Buchanan acted as chief negotiator in the talks that helped open Japan to Western commerce. At the outbreak of hostilities before the Civil War he was in charge of the Washington Navy Yard and watched with apprehension the departure for Confederate service officers at whose side he had served for decades.

The Race to the Pole- III

Lead: By October 1911, early spring in Antarctica, two expeditions, separated by 400 miles of ice, were ready to begin their assault on the South Pole. One would make it. One would not.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: On October 20th, the four-man party led by Norwegian Roald Amundsen, an experienced arctic explorer, with four sledges pulled by 52 dogs, began its journey. Twelve days later the team led by Robert Falcon Scott, Amundsen's rival, began its trek borne by dogs, Siberian ponies, and motorized sledges. Scott knew of his competitor but he was confident that he would bring home the honor to England of being the first to reach the South Pole. Having led a prior scientific expedition to Antarctica and coming within 400 miles of the pole Scott had a reputation as a careful and meticulous naval officer. He was a popular figure at home and most anticipated that he would be the victor.

The Race to the Pole- II

Lead: By the turn of the twentieth century, most of the globe had been explored. One great prize remained -- the South Pole. In the end the race came down to an intense competition between two determined men.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Barren Antarctica is the coldest and iciest place on earth. The terrain is so hostile to human habitation and the distance – roughly 800 miles from the sea—that early expeditions to reach the pole fell short of their goal. In 1902, Arctic explorer and British Naval officer, Robert Falcon Scott led the Discovery expedition, named for his ship, to Antarctica and came within 400 miles of the pole. Accompanying Scott on this trip were British zoologist Edward Wilson and a young Arctic explorer, Ernest Shackleton. In 1909 Shackleton led his own expedition and came within 111 miles of the Pole.

Amundsen, Scott and the Race to the Pole- I

Lead: For more than four centuries prior to 1900, curiosity, necessity, ambition, and economic aspiration had driven the age of discovery. Few places on the globe eluded the explorers. The last great prize was the frozen, barren, and arid continent of Antarctica.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Antarctica is the southernmost continent, the coldest, windiest place on earth with an average interior temperature of - 58F°. Ninety-eight percent of the continent, which is twice the size of Australia, is covered by ice sheets formed over millions of years with a thickness of over a mile to about three miles. The ice contains 70% of the world’s fresh water and 90% of the world’s ice.

1968: Retrospective- III

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control. 

Content: In the days between the election of Richard Nixon as president and the end of 1968 it seemed as though people had had enough. They were exhausted. The year had brought such profound change and disruption that people seemed to enter the traditional holiday season hungry for a bit of reassurance that the world was not permanently in turmoil. In those last days, there were no great events, no assassinations to mark the season. Like the disappointing aftermath of a great fireworks display, the last days of 1968 seemed as the first days of that transformative year, quiet, almost leaning forward with anticipation to see what the future portended. In retrospect, the words of Daniel Cohn-Bendit, Dany le Rouge, leader of the Paris student revolt, remind us of all that year had wrought, He said, “It happened once upon a time. Constantly replaying the debate of 1968 does not bring us any further. 1968 has changed the world, if you like it or not."

1968: Retrospective- II

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: The year 1968 witnessed extremes of violence and conflict. It ushered in profound changes in social, cultural, and political institutions. New ways of sexual expression profoundly altered the role of women and the primacy of family. A new environmental consciousness changed forever how people viewed the world and humanity began to try to figure out how to preserve an increasingly imperiled planet. 1968 marked the beginning of the end of the Cold War, of the Marxist ascendancy, and of the predator state.

1968: Retrospective- I

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: In the course of 40 episodes during this last year A Moment in Time has examined the turbulent and transformative events of 1968. It was a watershed year. Cultural, political, social and military conflict served to alter the course of nations, yet in many ways the world has found itself frozen in place, fighting over and over again the same battles, arguing the same arguments, disputing the same sureties as in those few brief months of tumult.

Frederick III, The Ninety-Nine Day Emperor I

Lead: Although he became Emperor of Germany following the death of his father, Wilhelm I, in March 1888, Frederick III, the great hope for German liberals, ruled for only ninety-nine days.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Frederick was born in 1831 at a time when Prussia and Austria were the dominant states in central Europe, with Prussia in 1871 forming the core of a united Germany. Frederick was the only son of the Emperor. Young Frederick received a university education as well as military training. He studied liberal arts and was fluent in several languages. In 1858 he married British Princess Victoria, daughter of Queen Victoria. The couple valued learning and culture, and were supporters of the royal museums. Frederick favored a strong central government, but the couple generally shared classical liberal political views – competitive political parties, a more constitutional regime, and they favored England’s parliamentary system.