Transistor Radio

Lead: In 1954 Texas Instruments and its partner released for the holiday shopping season a remarkable new product which transformed entertainment and pointed to the electronic future: the transistor radio.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Just six years earlier, Bell Labs scientists had announced the invention of a primitive replacement for the vacuum tube. The glass enclosed tubes, invented in 1907 propelled the electronic world forward and made possible amplification, radio and long distance telephony, but tubes were slow, hot, bulky, and short-lived. The replacement was called a transistor or “transfer resistor.” It used the element germanium (and later silicon) covered on both sides with another element to create a tiny alternative to the vacuum tube which could act as an amplifier or a on/off switch.

A House Divided (26): Slave Fugitives – Shadrach – II

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the 1850s Southerners, aided by the Federal government, became more aggressive in their quite legal pursuit of escaped slave property under the Fugitive Slave Law. Northern confrontation became more pronounced. Nowhere was this opposition more intense than Massachusetts. James B. McPherson called Boston, “the cockpit of this new revolution,” of resistance. In early 1851 a freshly escaped black waiter, self-renamed Shadrach for protection, was grabbed by agents in a Boston coffeehouse.

A House Divided (27): Slave Fugitives III – Sims


Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the years following the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law in 1850, Boston established a reputation as a sanctuary for escapees and the abolitionist community stalwart defenders of their rights. As southerners became more, forceful Boston became more belligerent, showing hostility to slave catchers, hiding ex-slaves and being emphatically uncooperative with legal efforts to enforce the law.

A House Divided (25): Slave Fugitives -Battle of Christiana–I

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: “The only way to make the Fugitive Slave Law a dead letter, said African American leader Frederick Douglass, “is to make half a dozen or more dead kidnappers.” Nothing was more illustrative of the deteriorating national situation in the 1850s than the poisonous circumstances surrounding fugitive slaves and the federal assistance demanded by the South in its securing human property. The greater the success the South had, the more vigorous was the resistance in the north. It did not take long after the 1850 law went into effect that it was dipped in blood.

France Surrenders to Germany – 1940

Lead: It ended almost before it began. Using lightning tactics perfected in Poland the previous autumn, in May 1940 Germany forced France to surrender.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: For eight months after the collapse of Poland in September 1939, Allied and Axis forces engaged in what in the West was called the Phony War or Twilight War. The Germans named it sitskreig or sitting war.

A House Divided: Wilmot Proviso

Lead:  One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is A House Divided.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: David Wilmot was a freshman congressman from Pennsylvania. In early August 1846 as the U.S. Congress approached its summer recess, Wilmot proposed that slavery be banned from any territory acquired by conquest or purchase from Mexico.

TC: Richard Nixon’s Triumph Before the Fall

Lead: In January 1972, Richard Nixon was inaugurated for a second term after winning one of the greatest triumphs in U.S. presidential history. Then it all came crashing down.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Defeating an incumbent President of the United States is tough. It can be done, as Herbert Hoover, Jimmy Carter and George H.W. Bush found to their regret, but it is no easy task. Circumstances, political and otherwise, have to work perfectly to the advantage of the challenger.

A House Divided: Slave or Free Labor I

Lead:  One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is A House Divided.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: One of the most intense debates in the 1850s run-up to the Civil War involved the contrasting value of slavery and slave labor as opposed to free labor. Southerners attempted to justify their peculiar institution by asserting that slavery was good for the slave, the general economy and for society. One of the most aggressive proponents of this view was George Fitzhugh, scion of an ancient Virginia family that had fallen on hard times. His writings asserted that slavery was the normal circumstance of the human condition. Free labor, as practiced in the North, was a kind collective cannibalism.