Lincoln and His Enemies II

Lead: Abraham Lincoln faced a growing number of political opponents in the winter of 1863. Among them, the Peace Democrats skirted very close to treason.

Intro. A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Clement Laird Vallandigham was a lame-duck Congressman from Ohio. On January 14, 1863, he rose in the well of the House of Representatives and outlined the case for immediate peace with the rebellious Southern states. He was in favor of the Union and wanted it restored, but Northern war strategy was a failure. The South not only was unconquered; it would never be conquered. Stop the war, quit insisting on the end of the slavery and the South would come home to the Union on its own.

Lincoln and His Enemies I

Lead: As part of the British delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference after World War One, John Maynard Keynes became increasingly disenchanted with the hostile attitude of the allies toward Germany.

Lead: A minority President facing the gravest crisis in the life of the Republic, Abraham Lincoln had more than his share of opponents seeking his political extermination.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the early days of 1863, the cause of Union had never seemed quite so bleak. Superior military leadership, that willingness to sacrifice nearly always displayed by armies defending their homeland, and a run of simple good luck had given the South a series of impressive victories on the battlefield. The serious problems facing the Confederacy were not as apparent as those of its northern opponent and the success in western Tennessee of a little known General named Grant loomed as only a small dark cloud on the horizon.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer IV

Lead: During the afternoon of June 25, 1876 Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer led el-ements of the Seventh United States Cavalry to their deaths.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Operating on the supreme confidence that had nearly always attended his military service, George Custer in a race with time and driven by political ambition, de-scended into the valley of the Little Bighorn in southern Montana. He was in pursuit of a group of Indian clans most prominent of which was the Sioux who led by their Chief Sitting Bull, had slipped off their reservation in what is now western South Dakota. His greatest problem? Custer was significantly outnumbered. The Seventh Cavalry with fewer than seven hundred troopers faced perhaps the largest concentration of hostile native Americans ever to assemble in one place.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer III

Lead: Colonel Custer took the old telescope from the hands of the crow scout and peered into the valley of death.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: George Armstrong Custer, leading the Seventh United States Cavalry Reg-iment, was participating in a three army campaign. They were sent by General Philip Sher-idan to discipline several warlike Indian tribes who by spring of 1876 had drifted off their reservations into the valley of the Little Bighorn River in southern Montana. Custer's regi-ment was part of the army led by General Alfred Terry which had left Fort Abraham Lin-coln on the Missouri River in June. The object of the three armies was to converge, find the wandering Indians, punish them and drag them chastened back to the reservation.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer II

Lead: In 1868 the United States government arranged a treaty with a loose plains tribal confederation of various clans known as the Sioux.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: This treaty set aside a huge tract of land in what is now western South Da-kota. This was reserved to them for all time, but gold had been discovered in the Black Hills Mountain Range of the Dakotas and Wyoming in 1874 and the resulting flood of miners and ranchers into the Sioux reservation created substantial tension. The Indians resented the white presence and often were not shy in reprisal.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer I

Lead: The death of George Armstrong Custer and his men was rooted in a fundamental disagreement about the way people should live.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Beginning in the early 1800s the youthful United States began to formulate a policy toward its Indian population. Few stopped to consider the opinions of Native Amer-icans who had lived on the North American continent for centuries. The solution was to push these aboriginal tribes west, across the Mississippi to mix with their western cousins, leaving white civilization in peace.

Henry Ford and the $5 Workday II

​Lead: Faced with declining productivity Henry Ford stumbled upon a novel solution, he improved the working conditions of his workers.
Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.
Content: In 1914, despite a new factory, numerous new machines and carefully planned efficiency programs, the Ford still had problem with turnover. The pay was low and working conditions were less than ideal. Men had little incentive to remain on the job and would float from job to job. Over that year for each 100 jobs in the plant, 963 men had to be hired.

Henry Ford and the $5 Workday

Lead: Henry Ford had a sparkling new factory to make his automobiles, he had perfected the assembly line to assemble them but there was one thing missing.
Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.
Content: In his old factory Henry Ford had been able to produce 14.7 cars a year per worker, therefore was shocked to discover that with the new plant in Highland Park, occupied in 1910, that his productivity had been cut more than in half to 6.7 car a year.