Anatomy of Presidential Scandal (Cleveland) II

Lead: After being nominated for President by the Democrats in the summer of 1884, Grover Cleveland was publicly accused of fathering an illegitimate child.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Cleveland was able to negotiate the shoals of scandal for several reasons. First, from the beginning, he told the truth. About 1871 widow Maria Halpin came from Jersey City to Buffalo where she found work in the retail clothing trade. She was a tall, stunning beauty, spoke French and soon was seen in the company of several men, one of whom was Grover Cleveland. Their relationship was intimate and sexual. When her son was born in the fall of 1874, she named him Oscar Folsom Cleveland, in honor of Cleveland and his law partner. Cleveland accepted responsibility and provided for both mother and child. When the scandal broke, he confided the truth to a number of prominent clergy and political leaders.



Anatomy of Presidential Scandal (Cleveland) I

Lead: It is difficult to keep perspective at a time when passions are engaged and salacious revelations stir the body politic. Yet, such a time is the perfect occasion examine the past to gain perspective by looking at the anatomy of a Presidential scandal.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Oh, to be a Democrat in the summer of 1884. Victory was in the air. For the first time since the nomination of James Buchanan in 1856 the Party had a real chance to take the White House. Every four years this ragtag collection of yellow dog dixiecrats and immigrant Yankees would drink and party their way to the nomination of a pair of political nonentities, who would then promptly go out and lose. Not this time. This time they had a winner.



Sousa’s Greatest March

Lead: On May 14, 1897 John Philip Sousa stood at the podium of the Philadelphia Academy of Music, lifted his baton and began leading his greatest march. Two encores later the crowd was still on its feet.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The son of immigrants, Sousa grew up in Washington, DC around military band music. His father played trombone in the Marine Band. The boy's musical study began at the age of six. Work with voice, violin, piano, flute, cornet, trombone and the alto horn demonstrated his prodigious ability and he was soon taking engagements as an orchestral violinist, doing some conducting and turning out primitive compositions.



Harriet Beecher Stowe

Lead: She was Harriet Beecher Stowe, the little lady who made the big war.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1850 a series of laws were passed by the Congress of the United States that came to be known as the Compromise of 1850. This secured relative peace between North and South and delayed by a decade the coming Civil War. One the parts of the compromise was a strengthened Fugitive Slave Law. It was passed to block the growing campaign by abolitionists and others opposed to slavery who were trying to help slaves escape captivity.



Brown vs. Board of Education III

Lead: A father's disgust at his daughter's long bus ride yielded one of the most important decisions in Supreme Court history.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Getting to school was an unpleasant experience for young Linda Brown. Each morning she would rise early, dress in her warmest coat, and then wait for the bus on a corner far from her house in one of the lower income neighborhoods of Topeka, Kansas. The bus would take her twenty-one blocks to a school for African American children - a segregated school. An hour after Linda left, the white girl across the street would leave her home, climb onto the bus waiting just out front which would take her to her school, also segregated, seven blocks away. Linda father, weary of enduring what he considered injustice, sued the Topeka Board of Education.



Brown vs. Board of Education II

Lead: The Supreme Court's decision in Brown Vs. the Board of Education was one of the early signs that the Court had entered a new era one dominated by its Chief Justice, Earl Wilson Warren.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: During the 1930s the Supreme Court of the United States struck down a number of important laws of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. This provoked a constitutional crisis. The president proposed to enlarge the court so that he might appoint justices sympathetic to his progressive legislation. The debate produced a powerful negative reaction and a Republican resurgence and under such pressure the court gradually moved away from this form of judicial activism and took a more restrained approach when interpreting economic legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President.



Brown vs. Board of Education I

Lead: In 1954 the United States Supreme Court helped dismantle the elaborate structure of segregated American society. Its vehicle was Brown vs the Topeka Kansas Board of Education.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the years following the Civil War, the United States Congress passed legislation designed to firmly protect the results of the Union victory, the end of slavery, and the civil liberties of millions of emancipated African Americans. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, particularly its equal protection clause, was specifically intended to guarantee the civil rights of newly freed blacks. Numerous laws signed during the Reconstruction era were adopted to re-enforce at all levels of national life, the conviction that Negroes were entitled to full participation in political affairs and the absolute protection of the law.



Model T II

Lead: Despite its reputation and popularity Henry Ford's Model T was obsolete almost before it went into mass production.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Without a doubt, the Model T Ford was a triumph of industrial engineering and commercial marketing. Through extensive use of light alloy steel and mass production, Ford brought the automobile within the reach of middle class American homes and farms. From its introduction in the fall of 1908 it was an immediate hit. It was designed for American conditions. Easy to repair and drive, it was tall enough to negotiate the horrible roads of the American countryside. Because of its large-bore, short stroke engine, it had enough power to wrench itself out of most mud holes, take the family to town on Saturday in relative style and still serve as a work vehicle around the farm.