Black Sox Scandal I

Lead: America was just about begin its "return to normalcy" under Warren Gamaliel Harding when in the fall of 1920 a Chicago Grand Jury indicted eight White Sox players for throwing the 1919 World Series in what became the Black Sox Scandal.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1919, the Chicago White Sox were one of the finest teams in the history of baseball. The team's talent was in depth with excellent batting and several positions covered by more than a single outstanding player. In left field was Joe Jackson, one of the game's great hitters. On the mound spit-ball specialist Eddie Cicotte alternated with Claude "Lefty" Williams for pitching honors. They romped through the American League during the season and were highly favored to beat the lack-luster National League contenders, the Cincinnati Reds. However, in one of baseball's most sensational reverses, the White Sox had lost. Even before the first game rumors were flying that the fix was in and that several White Sox players had conspired to throw the series.

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American Revolution: The British Army in Hostile Colonial America III

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.
Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts
Content: The presence of an occupying army in Boston after 1768 was a scary thing, but scary or not, the citizens of the city were determined to resist this indignity. The Commonwealth refused to pay for quartering the British troops, but its property owners were perfectly willing to rent space to house the soldiers at a premium. The existence of a permanent garrison generated an uptick in business for food purveyors and tavern owners, but from the beginning relations between town and army were harsh and disposed to end badly.

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American Revolution: The British Army in Hostile Colonial America II

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.
Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts
Content: In 1768, the British government stationed a permanent standing army in Boston to keep order and assist with tax collection. This was a bad idea. Englishmen on both sides of the Atlantic hated standing armies and soon the troops found themselves unwelcome and abused in all sorts of ways by the people they were supposed to control. Boston was not alone in experiencing the indignity and subjugation that a standing army inflicts upon the population.

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American Revolution: The British Army in Hostile Colonial America I

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.
Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts
Content: On October 1, 1768 soldiers of the 14th and 29th British regiments debarked from transports and landed in Boston, Massachusetts, guarded by British naval ships of the line. Responding to the request of Governor Bernard who had clearly lost control of the streets of Boston, the government in London had stationed a standing army in the colony to collect taxes and keep order. In the previous century, during the English Civil War and the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, Englishmen had endured the indignity and coercion of military occupation under the Parliamentary Army. There was nothing an Englishman hated more than a standing army and the royal government had chosen to inflict one on the colony most primed to despise such a move. Massachusetts was a Commonwealth whose governmental institutions, commercial society, and ordinary citizens, in the view of the royal Governor, were seditiously teetering on the edge of open rebellion.

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Arrest of the Five Members

Lead: In early 1641, Parliament and King Charles I of England had reached a dangerous impasse.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Taxation, the war with Scotland, the rights of Parliament, and royal manipulation of the courts were among the subjects of a contentious and sometimes bitter struggle between a majority of the House of Commons and the government of Charles I, but it was religion that generated much of the passion of those years. For nearly a century, the Puritans, a minority in the Church of England, had been agitating for an end to corruption in the clergy, a simpler form of church worship, and greater control of congregations by the local churches.

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Presidential Wit: Abraham Lincoln

Lead: Of the weapons available to the politician, among the most powerful is humor. No one was better at wielding that weapon than Abraham Lincoln.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Few politicians can survive if they become an object of laughter and ridicule. On the other hand, those seeking office who have the ability to use humor as a weapon against opponents or as a means of giving themselves a more sympathetic and down-to-earth image, go a long way to winning the support and perhaps the affection of the electorate. A sense of humor is not required for election, but it helps, both to soften the blow of losing or, even better, to keep political success in correct perspective.

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American Revolution: British Constitutional Debate III

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: As First Minister to King George III, George Grenville was the author of the Stamp Tax passed by the British Parliament in 1765 to secure money to pay for British troops stationed in America. This tax provoked widespread resistance and even rioting in the colonies because of the conviction that, since Americans were not represented in Parliament, Parliament had no right to tax them. When William Pitt rose in Parliament to agree with the American position and urge repeal of the tax, Grenville responded with vigorous denunciation of the rebellious attitude and lack of appreciation in the colonies for the protection Britain afforded with troops on land and for American commerce on the open seas by the British Navy. “Protection and obedience are reciprocal,” he roared, “Great Britain protects America; America is bound to yield obedience.”

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