Election of 1932- I

Lead: Mired in the worst economic depression in the nation’s history, the United States faced a choice in 1932 between cold administrative competence and bold political inspiration. It was not even close.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts. 

Content: After a post-war decade of rising, though unevenly distributed, prosperity, America entered the election season of 1928 with great expectations for many more years of happy times. The Republicans claimed full responsibility for the nation’s exuberant fortunes and nominated the technocrat and Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover to carry their standard against the Happy Warrior, Governor Alfred E. Smith of New York. Despite widespread agreement with Smith’s opposition to Prohibition, the electorate was still skeptical of electing a Roman Catholic to the nation’s top office and generally satisfied with what it perceived as Republican economic stewardship. Hoover was elected in a landslide.

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1968: Presidential Election – III

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: In 1968, Republican electoral hopes seemed about to be realized in the triumph of Richard Nixon, but the contest almost did not work out that way in large part because of the campaign of George Corley Wallace, Jr. Elected Governor of Alabama in 1962 on the promise of “segregation now—segregation tomorrow—segregation forever,” Wallace entered the 1968 campaign as the candidate of the American Independent Party. He hoped to force the election into the House of Representatives and become a power broker, seeking a reversal of civil rights enforcement.

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1968: Presidential Election – II

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: With the Republicans in a rush to the right, the Democratic Party in 1968 had to determine where it would go in that year of upheaval. After the assassination of John F. Kennedy, his successor Lyndon Johnson had engineered a social and civil rights revolution that secured the ultimate triumph of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal.

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1968: Presidential Election – I

Lead: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: In a year fraught with so much turmoil, it is hard to imagine that American Presidential politics would be spared.  They were not.  In both parties there was upheaval afoot.

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Sorghaghtani Beki – Woman of the Mongol Court

Lead: Sorghaghtani Beki, the most well known woman of the vast but short lived Mongol Empire, groomed her son Kublai Kahn to become the greatest of the Mongol emperors and the founder of the Yaun dynasty of China.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous land empire in history, but lasted only about 150 years. The Mongols were one of the Turkic nomadic tribes that lived on the steppes of Central Asia. Existing on this belt of wild plains and vast grasslands, they raised wild horses and trained their children to ride and use a bow and arrow – skills which would help them fight and conquer vast regions where they were clearly outnumbered. The military might of horses enabled the Mongols to attack much larger forces, retreat quickly and conduct lightning-like and very lucrative raids on their enemies.

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LFM: Admiral Grace Hopper – Teaching Computers to Speak

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America.  This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro: A Moment In Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When Grace Hopper got into the business in 1944, the number of people who had ever heard the word “computer” could not fill a small room.  She stayed with it until she died.

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Science Matters: Fritz Haber and the Nitrogen Cycle- I

Lead: By 1900 world population was beginning to outstrip agricultural capacity. Farmers could not grow enough to feed the people. Then Fritz Haber solved the nitrogen problem.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The three main nutrients required for successfully growing plants are potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Good top soil contains them in sufficient amounts to grow crops, but after long use, soil becomes depleted of these ingredients and must be renewed. Potassium and phosphorus are economically available in sufficient quantities to be put back easily, but nitrogen is not. Nitrogen is in the air. It is a gas that is a large part of the atmosphere. Getting it into the soil for plant synthesis is very difficult. Traditional farmers added plant clippings and animal waste, rotated crops or planted legumes such as beans or lintels, so-called green manure, to restore the soil and increase yields. Traditional agriculture could not keep up with an exploding world’s population. Farmers were losing the battle.

 

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