Lead: After a period of relative quiet in the early 20th century, Afghanistan re-emerged as an international flashpoint in the twilight of the Soviet Union and as fertile ground for a re-invigorated Islamic fundamentalism.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Afghanistan marks 1919 as its year of independence. Exhausted by World War II, the British stopped interfering in Afghan affairs and until the 1970s the region was disengaged from international affairs, forty of those years under a single ruler, Mohammad Zahir Shah. In 1973 he was deposed by a cousin and former prime minister, Mohammad Daoud, who in turn was overthrown in a Communist coup in 1978.

 

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