Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By mid-1862 one of the serious problems facing the successful prosecution of the war in the North was a faction of the Democratic Party known as Copperheads, named first by Ohio Republicans for the venomous snake populating Southern swamplands. The growth of this Peace Democratic bloc reflected the misfortune of Union arms in that year of despair and serious opposition in the southern part of the states of the old Northwest to what many Democrats perceived as Eastern economic imperialism or as one Ohio newspaper railed, “….serfs to the heartless, speculative Yankees, swindled by his tariffs, robbed by his taxes, skinned by his railroad monopolies.”