Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: If there was a time during the American Civil War in which the Confederacy might have laid a claim to triumph, it was the year between Robert E. Lee’s assumption of command of the Army of Northern Virginia in June 1862 and that Army’s destruction on the gentle slopes of Gettysburg the following summer. Except for the slaughter that was Antietam in September, Confederate forces realized one victory after another. This was not primarily due to a lack of determination and bravery on the part of Union troops, who were beginning to get the hang of this bloody war, but to the timidity and/or incompetence of the generals who led them into battle and down to defeat over and over and over again. Lee and his lieutenants out-generaled and out-maneuvered armies that were much larger and better equipped. He took the measure of his opponents and beat them or held them to strategic draws in battle after battle.