Jamestown Journey: Jamestown & Market Economy II

Lead: Jamestown almost failed, but two things saved it. Private ownership of property and a cash crop, Tobacco.

Intro.: Dan Roberts and A Moment in Time with Jamestown - Journey of Democracy, tracing the global advance of democratic ideals since the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Content: Early Virginians were expected to grow their own food, protect themselves, explore for gold and silver, or, if they could not find it, do something else to generate revenues for the Virginia Company, which owned the colony.

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Castro’s Early Years

Lead: Often political leadership is forged out of initial failure.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: It was after midnight in the seaside community of Santiago de Cuba. It was late July, 1953. A Buick, blue with a white roof, stopped in front of a small farmhouse. Palm trees flashed in the headlights. A man emerged, tall, powerful, with a thin mustache. Inside the house 100 men and 2 women waited. They had come in small groups by bus, car and train from all parts of Cuba. None of them knew the exact purpose of the trip.

 

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Court Martial of Billy Mitchell II

Lead: In the 1920s, the U.S. military was hampered by severe budget cutbacks and a debate on the future of the airplane. One persistent, prophetic, but on more than one occasion obnoxious voice in the debate was General William “Billy” Mitchell.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Billy Mitchell’s father and grandfather were congressmen. He thus grew up in the circles of power and expected people to listen when he spoke, but his habit of going public with his ideas and tendency to browbeat his opponents diminished his influence with the Army. Mitchell’s experience as head of Army air combat forces in Europe during World War I led him to conclude that the warplane was the key to victory in future conflicts and he went on a crusade to prove it. He was particularly adept at using the press to further his ideas. He arranged a series of highly-publicized tests in which his bombers spectacularly sank several surplus battleships thus proving their vulnerability and increasing obsolescence.

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Jamestown Journey: Jamestown & Market Economy I

Lead: One of the great contributions of the Jamestown colony was to firmly establish the free market as the way of doing business America.

Intro.: Dan Roberts and A Moment in Time with Jamestown - Journey of Democracy, tracing the global advance of democratic ideals since the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Content: All the major themes, good and bad, that shaped the American experience, near genocidal conflict with Native Americans, the arrival of enslaved Africans, a secular society in which religion was influential but not dominant, a proto-democracy and a market economy, were in full bloom in Jamestown before the first Pilgrim set foot on icy, righteous Cape Cod. Nevertheless, by 1615 Jamestown was almost defunct.

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The Impeachment of Samuel Chase II

Lead: Quick-tempered, indiscrete and overly partisan in a time of political transition and stress, Supreme Court Justice Samuel was impeached by the Republican House in a political vendetta.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Sam Chase was born in Maryland in 1741 and was an early champion of freedom from Great Britain. He was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. The deeply religious son of an Anglican priest, he was of federalist persuasion but did not favor the adoption of the Constitution. Nevertheless, he was appointed to the Supreme Court by George Washington in 1796.

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The Impeachment of Samuel Chase I

Lead: The impeachment and trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase in the early 1800s threatened to undo the growing independence of the Federal judiciary and perhaps even the structural balance of the Constitution.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The impeachment of federal officials has been a relatively rare event in U.S. history. It may or may not flow out of criminal activity, but it is essentially a political act designed to remove persons from office deemed unfit. Considering the intensity of American partisan politics, it is remarkable that impeachment has not been used more often. The founders believed that some mechanism had to be in place to remove from office those guilty of malfeasance - treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Yet, the bar was set very high for impeachment in the House of Representatives and even higher for conviction in the Senate.

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Court Martial of Billy Mitchell I

Lead: Billy Mitchell’s experience as Army air combat commander during World War I showed him that future success in warfare depended on air power. His problem was that he just couldn’t keep quiet about it.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Before the war Mitchell had a limited view of the airplane’s potential. He was in the Signal Corps and believed flying machines were primarily useful only for reconnaissance, flying behind and over the battlefield, spotting artillery, tracking enemy maneuvers, and aiding in fast communication and travel. As the months in Europe passed, his perspective began to change. He started to fly battle missions beside his pilots and eventually rose to be leader of the Army’s air arm. Under actual combat conditions, additional powerful possibilities for the airplane began to emerge. Tactically, warplanes could support troops fighting on the ground and strategically, planes could help destroy enemy installations behind the lines.

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Australian Gold Rush

Lead: On January 20, 1788, six transports delivered 750 convicts to Botany Bay. Sixty-five years and 168,000 prisoners later, the practice of deportation to New South Wales was abruptly terminated.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: In January, 1851 Edward Hargraves returned to Sydney, Australia. He had spent some time in the Gold Fields during the first years after its discovery in California. This reminded him of similar geological formations he had noted in territory along the Macquarie River northwest of Sydney two decades before.

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