Crash of the Hindenburg II

Lead: Used as bombers during World War I, giant German lighter-than-air ships called Zeppelins were turned to commercial uses in the 1920s and 1930s.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: If one wanted to travel between continents in the early 1900s, there was one choice. You had to go by ship. While the dream of flight had been realized first by balloons and then by the Wright Brothers’ airplane, aircraft engines were not strong, efficient, or safe enough to lift cargo and passengers over long distances. For just over two short decades from World War I to the eve of World War II, the dirigible seemed to be the solution to fast intercontinental travel.

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Crash of the Hindenburg I

Lead: The destruction of the dirigible Hindenburg brought to a halt this method of realizing man's dream of flying.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Beginning in the 1700s, men had begun to break the restraints of gravity and soar into the air using lighter-than-air craft, namely balloons lifted by heated air. At first the heat came from earth bound fires and then means of carrying the heat source along for the ride extended the time of the flight.

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Narvik – II

Lead:  In the Spring of 1940 the town of Narvik on the northwest coast of Norway was the scene of one of the first naval battles of World War II.

Intro. A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The combination of geography and strategic importance conspired to prevent Norway from maintaining its neutrality in the early months of World War II. Germany needed the Swedish iron ore that was shipped through Narvik during the winter months. When it became apparent that Britain was going to intervene, Hitler ordered the invasion of Norway.

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Narvik – Part I

Lead:  High on the shoulders of the Scandinavian land mass is the small sub-arctic town of Narvik, Norway. In the early days of World War II, Narvik was a strategic target of the British and the Germans.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Until the spring of 1940, Norway had hoped to preserve its neutrality, but it was soon apparent that geography would bring that dream to grief. The coast of Norway was too important for the Germans to let it fall into allied hands. Much of German iron ore came from mines in northern Sweden. During most of the year the ore was shipped through the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea, but in winter the Gulf froze and the ore was sent overland to the port of Narvik on the Atlantic coast of Norway and from there through the Leads, a narrow waterway between the mainland and a series of barrier island just off the coast.

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Pseudocyesis of Mary Tudor II

Lead: Scorned by a nation appalled at her bloody attempts to restore Catholicism and abandoned by her Spanish husband, Queen Mary of England was further weakened emotionally by a series of false pregnancies.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: If she was to return England to the Catholic fold Mary knew she would need a long reign and an heir who shared her convictions, but her choice of her husband was a bad one. Philip was the heir to the Spanish throne and though he was the Queen's husband, from the beginning, he neither liked or was liked by the English people. The presence of the future King of Spain gave a bad odor to Mary's religious program and whipped up English nationalism.

Pseudocyesis of Mary Tudor I

Lead: Popular at the beginning of her rule, Queen Mary needed time and an heir to follow her. She got neither.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: When Mary Tudor came to the English throne in the summer of 1553, the hopes of Catholics all over Europe were raised. She was committed to returning England to the Catholic faith, took as husband Philip, the future King of Spain, and set out to produce the heir who would confirm her rule and the Catholic restoration. The sadness of Mary was that both marriage and monarchy were failures. Her union with Philip lacked love and children, and her rule failed to return England to the Catholic fold.

Ernest Bevin: British Labor Leader

Lead: Ernest Bevin had a remarkable technique for conciliation. It led him from the docks of Bristol, England to the post of Foreign Secretary.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: Bevin was born the illegitimate son of a village mid-wife, which in Victorian England was not a sign of future national leadership. Orphaned at the age of eight, Bevin became a farmhand by the time he turned eleven. He never took a liking for farmwork and soon migrated to Bristol where he became to deliver mineral water in 1901. In the wake of a Dock Workers Strike in 1910 Bevin was drawn into the labor movement and soon became a union recruiter.


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JP Morgan Bails US Out of Bankruptcy

Lead: In 1895 John Pierpont Morgan, a New York banker, arranged to loan gold worth $65,000,000 to the United States Government. This may have prevented national bankruptcy.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Before the establishment of the United States Federal Reserve System, government financial leaders were convinced that people would trust government issued paper money only if it was freely convertible to precious metal, gold or silver. Theoretically, anyone could go into a bank and exchange paper money with a face value of, say twenty dollars, for an equivalent amount of gold. During the depression triggered by the Stock Market Crisis of 1893, many people especially foreign investors exchanged their paper money for gold.