American Revolution: Battle of Charleston Heights IV

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: As the steamy morning of June 17, 1775 proceeded, British troops under General William Howe were trying to take out Americans defending strong breastworks thrown up along the front of Breed’s Hill in the Charlestown Heights across the harbor from Boston. Howe’s troops were trying to do something difficult under any circumstances: attack across open ground up-hill into the face of an entrenched enemy. Wave after wave of Britain’s finest were cut down until finally, the Americans exhausted their ammunition. When the firing stopped, the British troops spilled over the top of the Patriot breastworks, bayonets flashing. Cleaning up the remaining Americans there cost the British precious time. Meanwhile, Patriots led by Colonel William Prescott retreated from Breed’s Hill in relatively organized fashion under covering fire from their compatriots on the beach. Soon all were falling back at a run to Bunker Hill. They crossed over Bunker Hill and retreated back across the Charlestown Neck. By dusk the British controlled all of the Charleston peninsula up to the Neck.

American Revolution: Battle of Charleston Heights III

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Dawn, June 17, 1775 revealed a significant strategic shift in the siege of British-occupied Boston in that Patriot forces had occupied and fortified Breed’s Hill and Bunker Hill on the triangular-shaped Charlestown peninsula across the Bay northwest of the city. This was a threat the British had to engage. After much debate the four leaders Generals Thomas Gage, William Howe, John Burgoyne and Henry Clinton eventually decided on a troop landing near Moulton’s Hill on the Northeast corner of the peninsula. When British intentions became obvious, Colonel William Prescott who was leading Patriot defenders on the Charlestown Heights, realized his vulnerability to a flanking attack from the beach on his left. Prescott sent Captain Knowlton to block this approach. When re-enforced by regiments led by Colonels John Stark and James Reed, they lined up their men behind a temporary breastwork made of rocks and fence railing and prepared for the British assault.

American Revolution: Battle of Charleston Heights II

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: The British Army under General Gage was locked up in Boston by New England Patriot regiments surrounding the city. Gage was also severely exposed should American forces occupy the heights, particularly those over the village of Charlestown: Bunker Hill, Breed’s Hill and Moulton’s Hill, 110, 75 and 35 feet high respectively. His fears were realized when word leaked out of his intention to fortify those hills and colonial military leaders led by Artemas Ward moved to grab the Charlestown Heights especially Bunker Hill.

Promontory Point

Lead: With thousands of acres of land and millions of dollars at stake, two great railroads rushed across the flat, barren Utah plains toward their marriage of iron.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: At 11 in the morning May 10, 1869, the Central Pacific's Jupiter pulled up to its assigned position just feet away from the Union Pacific's Number 119. It was a bright but cold day, about 1500 people were gathered including the president of the Central Pacific, Leland Stanford and the Union Pacific's Thomas C. Durant.

 

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U.S. Mid-term Elections of 1946

Lead:  Although the Democrats, led by Harry S. Truman, lost both Houses of Congress during the mid-term elections of 1946, Truman skillfully used the Republican majority to his benefit – and won the 1948 presidential election.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After the death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt four months into his fourth term on April 12, 1945, barely-known Vice-president Harry S. Truman of Missouri became President. He stepped into the shoes of one many assumed was a giant. During Roosevelt’s presidency, Republicans had been unable to gain control of Congress.

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The Great Eastern

Lead: In November, 1857, Isambard Kingdom Brunel tried to launch his magnificent creation. Great Eastern, the heaviest object anyone had ever attempted to move, got stuck.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Brunel was one of the most successful engineers of his day. He constructed what was at that time, the world’s longest tunnel, several unusual railroad bridges, and finally, Great Eastern. Conceived as the first luxury liner, the ship was designed to carry 4,000 passengers in complete comfort, haul enough coal for a non-stop round-trip from England to Australia, and earn her inventors’ money back in a couple of years. No such luck. No profit was ever made with Great Eastern.

Eleanor of Aquitaine II

Lead: Turned out by one royal husband, the King of France, Eleanor of Aquitaine married his rival, the future King of England.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Strong and independent, Eleanor resisted at each stage of her career the role of quiet docile wife. After a stormy fifteen years in 1152, Louis VII of France had their marriage annulled. Their four daughters remained with the King and Eleanor was sent home to Poitiers a very eligible lady, possibly the richest woman in Europe. Within two months she was married, this time to Henry Plantagenet, the namesake and grandson of the King of England who was at that time pressing his claim to inherit the Crown. A successful invasion of England and the death of his chief rival yielded him the throne. Henry and Eleanor became King and Queen of England in December 1154.

Eleanor of Aquitaine I

Lead: At her father's unexpected death in 1137, fifteen-year-old Eleanor, daughter of Duke Guillaume of Aquitaine, found herself heiress to a huge region of western France. It made one of the most eligible catches in Europe.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In a long and busy life Eleanor would be Queen of France and England, either marry or closely advise four kings, conduct romantic dalliances, engineer rebellions, rule England directly for long stretches of time and this in an era in which women were generally considered at best attractive appendages to their husbands and sons.