The Doctors Mayo

Lead: On December 12, 1879 the Rochester, Minnesota "Record and Union" announced that the first telephone line in town had been set up between Dr. Mayo's farm and his office above Geisinger and Newton's Drug Store. Another innovation by the founder of the most famous medical family in United States history.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: William Worrall Mayo was born in 1819 at the beginning of a decade of great political and social discontent in Manchester, England. While serving as a medical apprentice in Glasgow he met a young post-graduate physician from Philadelphia who re-enforced in Mayo the desire to seek a future in the United States rich, and distant with room to spare for an ambitious young man.

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Great Chicago Fire

Lead: Yes, it's true. The cow did kick over a lantern and Chicago went up in flames.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the fall of 1871 the city of Chicago was the focus of enormous amount of political activity, the junction of numerous railroads, home of countless commercial enterprises. The city was young and brash and rich, a exciting place to be and in that October lay along the shores of Lake Michigan a ready victim for one of the largest municipal fires in American history.

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Stalin Gets His Man (Trotsky)

Lead: Joseph Stalin had had enough. The heavy hand of the Russian dictator reached out across 10,000 miles and struck his old enemy.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After ridding himself of most of the old Bolsheviks in a series of show trials, Stalin determined to eliminate his greatest rival for power one who was not even in Russia, Leon Trotsky. Trotsky was the creator of the Red Army, had been present at the beginning of the Revolution and was a charismatic leader but was no political infighter. Stalin, from his position as Party Chairman working behind the scenes, by early 1928 had so packed the Soviet Politburo that he was able to deport Trotsky first to Siberia and eventually to Mexico.

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Calvin Leaves Geneva

Lead: Soon after he took refuge in the City of Geneva John Calvin was told by the City Council to take a hike.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The religious life of France, parts of Germany, England, and the United States have been heavily influenced by the thought of John Calvin, but it was in 16th century Geneva, Switzerland that he hammered out many of his religious and political ideas. Calvin's stay in Geneva was often a bumpy ride.

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Devil on Tracks

Lead: Trapped behind a trench line hundreds of miles long, the British turned to technology to break the impass.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By the middle of 1915, hostile forces facing each other across No Man's Land on the western front had settled in to round after round of bloody, but indecisive battle to break the trench barrier. Faced with the awesome power of new artillery pieces and the machine gun, the armies of Germany, France, England, Russia, Austria and Italy, did what armies had done for centuries When faced with a new weapon, they dug a hole and jumped in it. Mile after mile of elaborate trenches, ripped up the beautiful French countryside.

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Peasants Revolt (1381)

Lead: In 1381 England was the scene of the largest peasant uprising in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: For three decades prior to 1380 Europe was decimated by the Black Death. Perhaps third of the population simply disappeared. One of the results of this plague was a reduction in the number of laborers available for work. Suddenly, peasants found themselves able to sell their services at a much higher rate.

Landowners and merchants resisted this wage inflation with every weapon at their disposal. They failed miserably. The price for labor climbed higher and higher. And the better off the peasants became, the higher were their expectations. Soon they were demanding social changes the upper classes were not willing to give. All that was needed was a spark to set off an explosion. It came in 1380.

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Gordon of Khartoum

Lead: Acting as a magnet, the Chinese Gordon drew the British Empire ever southward up the Nile into the Sudan.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: One of the most controversial and interesting characters of Victorian England was Charles G. Gordon, nicknamed of "Chinese Gordon" for his service in China in the 1870s. Gordon was the ideal Victorian leader, combining military skill with a deep devotion to the Christian faith and to English political institutions. During his service as governor general of the Sudan in eastern Africa Gordon helped bring an end to the slave trade.

In 1884, an Egyptian army led by British General William Hicks was wiped out by the troops of Mohammed Ahmad, an Islamic prophet who claimed to be Mahdi, the expected spokesman and successor to Mohammed.

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St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre II

Lead: Angered by being squeezed out of policy making and the growth of Protestant influence over her son Charles IX, Queen Mother Katherine de Medici planned to take out her enemies in a single night of blood.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the summer of 1572, the eyes of France were on Paris where the sister of the King was getting married. She was to become the bride of Prince Henry of Navarre and the King hoped their union would bring an end to a decade of religious warfare between Protestant and Catholic.

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