AIDS/HIV in Film II

Lead: As the AIDS pandemic began to spread and claim more lives, the movie industry responded with films that took the level of sophistication to a new height.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: During the 1980s, in response to society’s apparent lack of concern for those suffering from AIDS, activist movies emerged which challenged people indifference and their government’s inertia, such as Target City Hall (1989) and Stop the Church (1990) which criticized the church’s pettiness and sometimes hostility to the victims of the disease. Rockville is Burning (1989) addressed the widespread homophobia which impeded attempts to halt spread of the disease. Sympathy stories such Buddies (1985) and An Early Frost (1985) examined the grieving of the families of AIDS victims as well as creating sympathetic characters in an ‘infected as victim” trope. By the 1990s well-developed characters such as the lawyer played by Tom Hanks’ in the award-winning film Philadelphia (1993) created powerful sympathy for those struggling hopelessly against a disease which had only one tragic outcome.

AIDS/HIV in Film I

Lead: In the early 1980s, a mysterious infectious disease began to emerge among gay men and intravenous drug users. It soon acquired a name and found itself the subject of motion pictures.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS crept into the national consciousness with slow but terrifying resolve. This blood-borne virus, HIV, infects and renders impotent those human cells which fight off other infectious diseases such as the skin cancer Karposi’s sarcoma and rare forms of pneumonia. The disease destroys the elaborate defense system the human body has developed over thousands of years and soon tens of thousands of people, beginning with gay men and intravenous drug users, had become infected through blood transfer or sexually transmitted fluids and had little hope for survival. Before a regimen of medications emerged in the 1990s which staved off the disease and opportunistic infections, AIDS had claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. As of the second decade of the 21st century, there is still no cure or vaccine to prevent HIV infection though there are prophylactic medications which if taken help prevent infection in endangered populations. World-wide, AIDS is no longer a gay disease as the vast majority of those infected or imperiled are heterosexual men and women.

American Revolution: The Intolerable Acts III

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Soon after the passage of the so-called Intolerable Acts, particularly the closing of the Port of Boston, concern began to spread throughout the colonies. Great apprehension was expressed in the Virginia House of Burgesses. Leading the effort were Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Lee whose measure decried the “hostile invasion” perpetrated on Boston and, in a manner designed to evoke memories of the English Civil War, called for a “Day of Fasting, Humiliation, and Prayer,” asking for Divine intervention to prevent a destruction of civil rights and the onset of Civil War. Such words were well-received in Puritan Boston, but Lord Dunmore, Virginia’s governor, was not pleased and dissolved the House.

American Revolution: The Intolerable Acts II

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: As news of the Boston Tea Party spread through London, the government responded with a series of laws that came to be known in America as the Intolerable Acts. This legislation was designed not only to secure reimbursement for the lost tea but also to punish the colonists for their seditious actions. It was hoped such a course of action would restore some measure of Parliamentary authority in North America. The first law closed the Port of Boston to ocean-going trade. Without even a cursory attempt at hearing Boston’s side the measure sailed through the Commons and the Lords with inordinate speed. Boston was to be shut up tight by June 15th.

American Revolution: The Intolerable Acts I

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: On the night of December 16, 1773, a group of Massachusetts citizens, angry at the small tax they were forced to pay on British East India Company tea, dressed themselves ‘in the Indian manner,’ faces blackened, and wrapped in blankets, boarded three vessels tied to Griffins Wharf and tossed 45 tons of tea, worth approximately £10,000, into the quiet waters of Boston Bay.

Mountain Meadows Massacre Part II

Lead: On September 11, 1857 am emigrant wagon train from Arkansas bound for southern California and peacefully camped in a meadow in southwestern Utah was fatally attacked by Mormans and their Indian allies.

 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Baker-Fancher Party stopped at Mountain Meadows off the Spanish Trail. The meadow was a popular respite for wagon trains before crossing the Mojave Desert on route to California. They became innocent victims in a bitter running dispute between Mormons, members of the Church of Latter- day Saints and the United States government.

 

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Mountain Meadows Massacre Part I

Lead: In March 1857, a wagon train filled with emigrants set off from Arkansas to build a new life in California. Their hopes were high until they reached Mountain Meadows in western Utah.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The well-organized and equipped party, led by experienced guides Alexander Fancher and John Baker, consisted of 140 men, women and children and included large herds of cattle and horses.

 

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Suez Canal III

Lead: Facing almost universal skepticism, the Suez Canal Company under Ferdinand de Lesseps raised the money and dug the Canal.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Prime Minister Palmerston of Britain called him a swindler and a fool. Bankers such as Baron de Rothschild rejected his pleas for capital. Yet, de Lesseps succeeded against all odds. Raising money from small investors and operating with a design approved by the International Commission for the Piercing of the Isthmus of Suez, he broke ground in 1859 near the future Port Said. It took ten years to construct the canal. At any given point 30,000 workers were employed often under harsh, forced conditions. More than a million were so engaged and thousands of laborers died on the project. Progress was often delayed by labor disputes and the outbreak of diseases such as cholera, but in the end the canal was completed primarily due to the importation of giant French-designed steam shovels and dredges.

 

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