Coxey’s Army I

Lead: In the mid-1890s the United States experienced its greatest economic depression to that time. To relieve the suffering Jacob Sechler Coxey organized an army.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Panic on Wall Street in 1893 led to the closing of hundreds of banks and widespread bankruptcies. Hundreds of thousands of workers were unemployed, nearly two hundred thousand in New York City alone. Many of those who were employed worked for corporations upon whom there was little constraint on the way in which they treated their workers. "Wage Slavery" was a term coined to describe the lot of those employed in dead end, torturous jobs, which paid very little and placed them at the mercy of corporations relentlessly pursuing ever mounting profits during a time of worsening social conditions.

Lincoln and His Enemies IV

Lead: A minority President, politically opposed by members of his own party as well as Democrats, Abraham Lincoln was subjected to some of the most vicious personal attacks directed to any occupant of the White House.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The legend of Abraham Lincoln was very much a retrospective development. It was not until after his assassination, with the war over, that he began to take on in the mind of the nation, the status of a martyr and icon. Only at that point as people began to look back as they began to see that the survival of the Union was a dicey affair, by no means guaranteed, and that the single-minded determination and courage of this prairie lawyer had made the difference in the Republic's darkest days, only then did the reality of his greatness become apparent to a nation with so much to mourn but for which there was much to be thankful.

Lincoln and His Enemies III

Lead: In the early days of 1863, the war seemed to be going against the Union. Abraham Lincoln faced a swelling tide of opposition from all points on the political compass. Some of his worst enemies came from within his own Republican Party.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Republican Party was thrown together in the mid-1850s to provide a political vehicle for those who opposed the extension of slavery, but like most successful American political groupings, it was not a one-issue party. Room was made for persons with a wide variety of interests. To be sure abolitionists were present who wished to eliminate slavery wherever it was found, but most Republican were moderates like Abraham Lincoln, who were willing to allow slavery to continue but only for the time being and absolutely opposed to its extension. The Party was also in favor of tariffs on foreign goods to protect American industry and government spending on internal improvements such as railroads.

Lincoln and His Enemies II

Lead: Abraham Lincoln faced a growing number of political opponents in the winter of 1863. Among them, the Peace Democrats skirted very close to treason.

Intro. A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Clement Laird Vallandigham was a lame-duck Congressman from Ohio. On January 14, 1863, he rose in the well of the House of Representatives and outlined the case for immediate peace with the rebellious Southern states. He was in favor of the Union and wanted it restored, but Northern war strategy was a failure. The South not only was unconquered; it would never be conquered. Stop the war, quit insisting on the end of the slavery and the South would come home to the Union on its own.

Lincoln and His Enemies I

Lead: As part of the British delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference after World War One, John Maynard Keynes became increasingly disenchanted with the hostile attitude of the allies toward Germany.

Lead: A minority President facing the gravest crisis in the life of the Republic, Abraham Lincoln had more than his share of opponents seeking his political extermination.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the early days of 1863, the cause of Union had never seemed quite so bleak. Superior military leadership, that willingness to sacrifice nearly always displayed by armies defending their homeland, and a run of simple good luck had given the South a series of impressive victories on the battlefield. The serious problems facing the Confederacy were not as apparent as those of its northern opponent and the success in western Tennessee of a little known General named Grant loomed as only a small dark cloud on the horizon.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer IV

Lead: During the afternoon of June 25, 1876 Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer led el-ements of the Seventh United States Cavalry to their deaths.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Operating on the supreme confidence that had nearly always attended his military service, George Custer in a race with time and driven by political ambition, de-scended into the valley of the Little Bighorn in southern Montana. He was in pursuit of a group of Indian clans most prominent of which was the Sioux who led by their Chief Sitting Bull, had slipped off their reservation in what is now western South Dakota. His greatest problem? Custer was significantly outnumbered. The Seventh Cavalry with fewer than seven hundred troopers faced perhaps the largest concentration of hostile native Americans ever to assemble in one place.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer III

Lead: Colonel Custer took the old telescope from the hands of the crow scout and peered into the valley of death.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: George Armstrong Custer, leading the Seventh United States Cavalry Reg-iment, was participating in a three army campaign. They were sent by General Philip Sher-idan to discipline several warlike Indian tribes who by spring of 1876 had drifted off their reservations into the valley of the Little Bighorn River in southern Montana. Custer's regi-ment was part of the army led by General Alfred Terry which had left Fort Abraham Lin-coln on the Missouri River in June. The object of the three armies was to converge, find the wandering Indians, punish them and drag them chastened back to the reservation.

The Demise of George Armstrong Custer II

Lead: In 1868 the United States government arranged a treaty with a loose plains tribal confederation of various clans known as the Sioux.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: This treaty set aside a huge tract of land in what is now western South Da-kota. This was reserved to them for all time, but gold had been discovered in the Black Hills Mountain Range of the Dakotas and Wyoming in 1874 and the resulting flood of miners and ranchers into the Sioux reservation created substantial tension. The Indians resented the white presence and often were not shy in reprisal.