Castro’s Early Years

Lead: Often political leadership is forged out of initial failure.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: It was after midnight in the seaside community of Santiago de Cuba. It was late July, 1953. A Buick, blue with a white roof, stopped in front of a small farmhouse. Palm trees flashed in the headlights. A man emerged, tall, powerful, with a thin mustache. Inside the house 100 men and 2 women waited. They had come in small groups by bus, car and train from all parts of Cuba. None of them knew the exact purpose of the trip.

 

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The Conciliar Movement I

Lead: To a Europe beset by plague, war and economic depression, the Church offered precious little help.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the late 1300s Europe was in trouble. The Black Death was the in process of reducing the population by as much as a third. The Hundred Years' War between France and England was tearing up the French countryside and both countries’ economies. To make matters worse, the continent’s one unifying institution was itself in disarray. For seventy years Popes of the Roman Catholic Church lived in Avignon in southern France. Suspicious that the Church was then a pawn of the French king, English and German Catholics increasingly looked elsewhere for spiritual guidance.

 

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Aborted 13th Amendment I

Lead: With the Union in disarray Congress in the early months of 1861 passed an amendment to the Constitution that quite possibly could have permitted slavery in the United States to continue indefinitely.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: It was the "secession winter" and melancholy had descended over the City of Washington. A split in the Democratic Party and the resulting four way election of 1860 had given the Presidency to Abraham Lincoln but he was a minority President elected by less than forty percent of the popular vote. In December South Carolina seceded, six other states followed. The repudiated and politically impotent James Buchanan sat in the White House.

 

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The Great Schism

Lead: For sixty years the Popes of the Roman Catholic Church lived in Avignon in the South of France. Sixty years of extravagance, spiritual neglect, and declining church influence. Just at the moment it seemed things could not get worse, they did.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: After six decades in France the prospect of further troubles convinced Pope Gregory XI to move back to Rome. Unfortunately he died shortly thereafter and when the College of Cardinals met to pick his successor, mobs poured into the streets of Rome, surrounded the place of meeting and put great pressure on the Cardinals to elect an Italian, who, they hoped, would keep headquarters in Rome. They elected Archbishop Bartolomeo Prignano who took the name Urban VI.

 

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Marian Anderson: Voice of Freedom

Lead: The headline read, "Mrs. Roosevelt Takes Stand: Resigns from D.A.R." Marian Anderson, the black concert artist had become the focus of a struggle against racism.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1939 Sol Hurok, one of America's foremost artist management agents began to put together the season schedule of his brilliant contralto, Marian Anderson. Fresh from a very successful tour of Europe Anderson's fees were rising and Hurok wanted to book her into the best halls in the country. In Washington, the finest artists played Constitutional Hall owned by the Daughters of the American Revolution. Anderson was singing on the West Coast when word began to filter through the company. The negotiations for Constitution Hall were breaking down. The Daughters of the American Revolution would not let her sing there. She was a woman of color. Negroes were not permitted to perform at Constitutional Hall in 1939.

 

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Ernest Bevin: British Labor Leader

Lead: Ernest Bevin had a remarkable technique for conciliation. It led him from the docks of Bristol, England to the post of Foreign Secretary.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: Bevin was born the illegitimate son of a village mid-wife, which in Victorian England was not a sign of future national leadership. Orphaned at the age of eight, Bevin became a farmhand by the time he turned eleven. He never took a liking for farmwork and soon migrated to Bristol where he became to deliver mineral water in 1901. In the wake of a Dock Workers Strike in 1910 Bevin was drawn into the labor movement and soon became a union recruiter.

 

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George Rogers Clark Captures Fort Vincennes

Lead: In the dead of winter, leading a small band of volunteers George Rogers Clark crossed hundreds of miles and secured the territory of Indiana for the United States.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: During the American Revolution the Ohio Valley was the scene of intense struggle between the British and their native American allies and Virginians attempting to secure the strategic territory for the fledgling United States. In the summer of 1778 an expedition of about 200 men led by George Rogers Clark moved down the Ohio taking old French forts and claiming them for the United States. In July he arrived in Kaskaskia in Illinois just south of St. Louis and established his headquarters.  

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Folies Bergere

Lead: The medical research scientist who described the anti-bacterial effect of penicillin was not really sure what he had found.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: Sir Alexander Fleming was born of a hard-working farm family in southwestern Scotland in 1881. He received his medical education at the University of London, began his practice at St. Mary's Hospital near Paddington Station in London's West End and remained there throughout his professional life. The research facilities at St. Mary's were considered to be among the most advanced in Britain at the time primarily due to the reputation of Sir Almroth Wright and his brilliant students who were advancing the understanding of the human immune system and the effect of vaccinations. Fleming joined Wright's team in 1906. 

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