Armenian Holocaust IV

Lead: During World War I, Turkish plans for exterminating or deporting the people of Armenia nearly succeeded.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Being allied with Germany during the First World War meant that Turkey could settle once and for all its long-running ethnic and religious feud with the Armenians, a community living in a province in disputed territory east of Turkey near the Caspian Sea. The Russians, principle allies of the Armenians, as well as the British and French could not come to their aid because of the war and they were left pretty much at the mercy, or lack of it, of the much stronger Turkish forces.



Armenian Holocaust III

Lead: When the Armenians threatened to break away from the Ottoman Empire, the Turks tried genocide.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The first decade of the twentieth century was not a good one for the Ottoman Empire. Often designated by the great powers with less justification than imagined, the "sick man of Europe," Turkey lost control of Crete and watched as large areas of the Balkans and North Africa slipped from their jurisdiction. With imperial fortunes failing, Turkey became more determined to maintain control of its Asian possessions. This included systematic oppression of the Armenians who inhabited a province bordering the Caspian Sea.



Armenian Holocaust II

Lead: Alarmed by the growth of nationalism throughout the region in the 1900s, the Ottoman Empire centered in Turkey began to crack down on ethnic groups such as the Armenians.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Loosed by the French Revolution, throughout the nineteenth century the spirit of Nationalism began to spread across eastern Europe into those areas controlled by the Ottoman Empire, whose Sultan ruled a large part of the Balkans and the Middle East from the Turkish capital of Constantinople. In the 1900s the decay gripping the Empire began to accelerate. More and more, ethnic and religious groups were seeking independence or autonomy.



Armenian Holocaust I

Lead: In what many scholars consider the first modern systematic attempt to exterminate a complete ethnic community, the Turkish policy nearly succeeded in wiping out the Armenians.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: At its zenith during the Roman Empire, the state of Armenia was about the size of England and Wales combined. It stretched from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, from the Mediterranean to Lake Urima in present-day Iran. Since that time during century after century this ethnic group has suffered war, conquest, occupation, and internal political disunity.



Twilight in Valhalla (Hitler) II

Lead: His world shrinking with every advance of the Russian Army, the founder and destroyer of the Third Reich set about ending his life.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Eva Braun had for twelve years been the mistress of Adolf Hitler. She was attractive and very devoted to the Fuehrer, but certainly no challenge to him intellectually or otherwise. He found comfort in her presence but kept their relationship a secret refusing to allow her to come to Berlin or to the various headquarters from which he directed the war effort.



Annie Oakley II

Lead: As one of the most celebrated entertainers of her age Annie Oakley excelled in field dominated by men.
Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the years following the Civil War, the art of accurate marksmanship was a coveted talent. In her youth Annie helped feed and support her family by accurate and consistent shooting. As a teenager she met and married one of the best exhibition shooters of their day, Frank Butler. He became her mentor and manager. By the time they joined forces with Buffalo Bill Coty in his famous Wild West Show in 1885, the two were quite popular in their own right. As her fame grew Butler took a supporting role and proudly watched as his wife's popularity expanded with each season.


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Jackie Robinson Stays Put

Lead: On a summer evening in 1944 at Camp Hood near Waco, Texas, Lt. Jackie Robinson refused to go to the back of the bus.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As much as the denial of political rights, petty segregation, such as separate accommodations, restricted bathrooms, having to sit at the back of the bus, posed during most of the twentieth century a constant reminder to African-Americans of their second-class citizenship. While on active duty in the United States Army during World War II, future Brooklyn Dodger star, Jackie Robinson struck a small blow for equality.