A House Divided: The North on the Eve of War – II: Transportation Revolution

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As the nation approached its greatest conflict, the two regions were unevenly matched in transportation and industrial power. In order to prosecute the war that was looming on the horizon, the North was able to bring men, supplies and the machines of war to the battlefield in a way that was unequalled by its Southern opponents. Historians have called this early nineteenth century phenomenon a transportation revolution. Improved roads, canals and the largest railroad network in the world vastly increased transportation capacity of the nation and reduced the price of transported goods. As the opening of hostilities approached it was clear that the significant balance in transportation strength was in North.

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A House Divided: The North on the Eve of War – I

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided.”

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: America’s greatest crisis was decided in favor of the proponents of Union because in the end, one side was able to grind the other into submission, physically. It was not immediate, but over time, the enormous population disparity between the North’s and the South’s white majorities sealed the fate of the Confederacy. In 1860 due mostly to immigration and a faster birthrate, the American population had grown much faster than Europe and even the world’s. With thirty-two million inhabitants in its states and territories, the United States was the largest nation in the western world save Russia and France. The Union had a population of over 20,000,000. The white Confederacy had just about 5,000,000, with 4,000,000 slaves either at its disposal or as its burden.

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Time Capsule 2002 – Patriots Win Super Bowl, February 3, 2002

Lead: The first Super Bowl after the September 11, 2001 attacks were marked by excellent security and the victory of an underdog.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As NFL fans gathered in New Orleans in early February 2002 for Super Bowl 36, the minds of spectators and security officials alike were very much on how likely a terrorist target would be the Superdome with nearly 73,000 in attendance. The security was tight and overwhelming. It was called by some, “The Safest Place in the USA.” While the game was absent the usual array of noisemakers, foam fingers and fireworks, security precautions worked smoothly and offered little disruption.

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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: Pyramids at Giza

Lead: Of the seven wonders of the ancient only the three pyramids of Gisa remain as demonstration of the creativity, resourcefulness, and determination of an age far removed from ours.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: They are three in number and probably mark the passing of three Pharaohs, father, son and grandson, of the fourth Egyptian dynasty. The first of the structures was commissioned around 2570 BCE and completed after twenty years of extraordinary effort. The largest is the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu, who died before it was complete, and the smaller possibly by his son and grandson, Khafre and Menkaure.

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A House Divided: Southern Democrats Nominate John Breckinridge

Lead:  One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is A House Divided.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: On April 23, 1860, the Democrats convened in Charleston, South Carolina, but broke up after delegates from the Deep South bolted rather than back Democratic front-runner Stephen Douglas of Illinois. The Party was divided over slavery.  Douglas was an advocate of popular sovereignty and opposed to a federal slave code which would have insured the spread of slavery to the territories and new states.

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A House Divided: Democrats Nominate Stephen Douglas

Lead:  One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is A House Divided.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When the Democrats assembled for their party convention in Charleston in April 1860, tensions over the issue of slavery had risen to fever pitch. After the party voted Stephen Douglas’s anti-slavery plank into the platform, just like clockwork, and as expected, fifty delegates from the Deep South walked out in protest. Douglas’ supporters could not round-up the two thirds majority needed for his nomination. Therefore, the convention adjourned on May 3rd and agreed to meet six weeks later in Baltimore, where they hoped to unite the party in an atmosphere more neutral and friendly. This proved to be a forlorn hope. The Democrats were too hopelessly divided to reconcile their differences.

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Thomas Aquinas

Lead: Italian priest and theologian, Thomas Aquinas, was one of the most prolific writers of the Middle Ages and a major influence on western thought.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Aquinas was born in southern Italy sometime around 1225 in Castle Roccasecca (‘roka seeka) near the small town of Aquino, between Rome and Naples. He was a bookish child, and at the age of fourteen began his studies at the University of Naples. Thomas was greatly influenced by the Dominican religious order, a mendicant society, which he joined in 1243, by taking his vow of poverty. His family was none too pleased with his decision to become a Dominican friar. His brothers even kidnapped him and held him in the castle tower for almost a year. Thomas, however, could not be persuaded otherwise and was later ordained.

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First Allied Jet Aircraft in World War II

Lead: During World War II, the development of an allied jet aircraft lagged behind the Germans. This meant that jet to jet combat would not come until Korea.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Although the British were the first of the allies to develop jet aircraft this advance had to overcome initial doubt in the Ministry of Defense as to whether turbojet aircraft were practical or even possible. The pioneer of allied jet aircraft was Lt. Frank Whittle, later Sir Frank Whittle. He had to overcome the conviction in the Royal Air Force that “gas turbines don’t work.” Fortunately, his persistence was rewarded and on the eve of war the engine design of Whittle’s company, Power Jets, Ltd., was married to the airframes being built by George Carter at Gloster Aircraft Company.

 

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