Pete Rozelle and the National Football League

Lead: For 21st Century fans his name is a distant memory, but if you like NFL football, you can thank Pete Rozelle.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When Rozelle became NFL Commissioner in 1960, his part of professional football was a chaotic mess. It consisted of 12 teams owned by 12 megalomaniacs with the new American Football League threatening them all with competition and doom.

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A House Divided: The Irresistible Force of Cotton

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the years leading up to the Civil War, there was some Southern investment in manufacturing and transportation, but the vast bulk of Southern capital, and there was plenty of it, was tied up and thrown into land and slaves. Historians are divided as to whether this uniquely southern obsession with owning slaves and the agricultural land on which they worked was rational from an economic viewpoint. A case can be made on either side of the issue. Discounting any moral argument, in the 1850s the average investment return on the purchase of a field hand has been calculated to have been around 8%, which is not too shabby in an era of low taxes. Nevertheless, such investment would hardly prepare the region to wage modern warfare. One frustrated Mississippi industrial promoter lamented that this was what drove the lawyer to pour over his books and the merchant to stretch his tape – to buy land and slaves.

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A House Divided: The Southern Economy

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As the American sectional crisis loomed in the 1840s and 1850s, thoughtful Southern leaders were growing alarmed over the economic disparity between slave and free states. By nearly indicator, the region that would comprise the Confederacy was falling behind. Industrial canal mileage was just 14% of the national total. Southern railroads comprised about a third of the nation’s trackage. By the war years, Southern manufacturing capacity was less than a fifth of the national whole. For instance, a single Massachusetts town, Lowell, had more textile spindles in operation than all eleven Confederate states combined.

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A House Divided: The South at the Beginning of the War – I

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As the bonds that held the American Republic frayed and gradually reached the breaking point in the beginning of the 1860s, the two regions faced the prospect of separation and perhaps violent conflict. They were by no means equally matched.

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Anthony Ashley Cooper III

Lead: In June 1666, while in Oxford seeking relief from an internal health disorder, Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper chanced to meet John Locke. Their friendship represented much that was good about the English patronage system.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Aristocratic societies have many major weaknesses. One of the chief of those was their inability to identify and make use of the talented people need to make things run right. Blood, wealth or rank are no guarantee of intelligence or leadership ability. These societies were bound not by the market or elections but by tradition to give control to aristocrats ill-equipped for such control, therefore there is often a talent deficit. Early Modern English society solved that problem with the patronage system. Talented people would be recruited by or attach themselves to wealthy individuals or families in a scheme of mutual benefit. Sometimes they were artists, who could express their talent while in the patron’s support. Often they would teach the children of the wealthy family in exchange for a living.

 

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Anthony Ashley Cooper II

Lead: Firmly out of royal favor, in the 1670s, English peer the Earl of Shaftesbury turned to politics to try and prevent a Catholic from sitting on the throne.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By the early 1670s, it was becoming clear that King Charles and his Portuguese Queen were going to be childless. This heightened the national concern over the issue of succession. With no royal heir, upon the King’s death, the crown would go to the King’s younger brother, James, Duke of York, a thorough-going Roman Catholic. Ashley, following the nation, opposed this vigorously in and out of Parliament. He supported the Test Act (1673) which required office holders, including the King, to take Anglican Communion. When James refused said communion at Easter 1673 and then married the Italian duchess, Mary of Modena, that same year, anti-Catholic fever began to grip the country. James’ first wife, Anne Hyde, had died in 1671, but their daughters and future Queens, Mary and Anne, had been raised Protestant.

 

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Anthony Ashley Cooper I

Lead: Clever of mind and action and flexible in his alliances in a time of great change in England, Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper served as an early model for the modern politician.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Supple might be a good word to describe the political career of Lord Ashley. He was one of the most interesting and controversial English politicians in the years before and after the Restoration of monarchy in 1660. Born into wealth and prominence on both sides of his family in 1621, he fought for the King in the early days of the English Civil Wars. He then switched sides and served as a local officer of Parliamentary forces in Dorset, served Oliver Cromwell as member of Parliament and on the Commonwealth Council of State, gradually soured on the arbitrary and repressive military politics of Cromwell and the Protectorate, then switched sides again just in time to help make possible the Restoration of King Charles II.

 

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A House Divided: The North on the Eve of War – III Industrial Behemoth

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: On the day before Christmas, 1860, the future scourge of Georgia, William Tecumseh Sherman, graduate of West Point and soon to be the late Superintendent of the institution that would become Louisiana State University, was speaking of the looming conflict with his friend and eager secessionist, Professor David French Boyd of Virginia. “The North can make a steam engine, locomotive or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical and determined people on earth, right at your doors. You are bound to fail.” He was supremely correct.

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