Battle of Flodden Field II

Lead:  When King James IV of Scotland invaded England in 1513, the campaign became one of the great military disasters in Scottish history. James lost more than his Kingdom.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1512 English King Henry VIII, took up an alliance with Spain and launched a military campaign against France’s Louis XII. Scotland had an ancient alliance with France and Louis called it in. Scotland’s James IV, although married to Henry VIII’s sister, Margaret Tudor, agreed to invade northern England, thereby hopefully drawing English forces away from the main arena of conflict in the south near France.

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Battle of Flodden Field I

Lead:  In 1513, locked in an alliance with France, Scotland invaded England. The decisive battle, that at Flodden Field, was disastrous for the Scots but was one of the few military triumphs of King Henry VIII.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When good King Hal came to the throne of England in 1509 there was peace between traditional enemies, England and Scotland. After many years of struggle, the northern Kingdom was still fiercely determined to retain its independence, and in 1502, the two had signed the ill-named Treaty of Perpetual Peace, which, for a short time, ended over two centuries of intermittent warfare. As part of the treaty, young Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII and sister of Henry VIII, became Queen to James IV, King of Scotland.

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Nellie Ross

Lead: In 1924 Wyoming became the first state to elect a woman to the office of Governor. Nellie Tayloe Ross served for two years and went on to distinguished national service.

                 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                 Content: With the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution in August 1920, the right to vote became a national right for women. The question remained whether women, now able to vote, would also attain full parity in political participation. When would women be elected to local office or congress in numbers comparable to their percentage in the population? The answer was not too soon. Decades would pass before women would step forward to assume a leadership role anything close to that of men in commerce, social life and politics. Progress was slow. One exception was Nellie Ross.

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Spanish Cultural Diversity II

Lead: Attempts to suppress cultural and religious diversity have been one of the hallmarks of modern Spain. From the work of the Spanish Inquisition to the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, these efforts have only lightly covered over real differences. In 1978 Spain tried a new way.

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: For thirty-six years, the last caudillo, Francisco Franco held his thumb in dike of progress. It was a valiant, but futile attempt at keeping parts of Spanish life, religion, culture, and politics under wraps, while opening the way to economic innovation, outside markets, and prosperity. Franco failed, but it remained to be seen how post-Franco Spain would deal with the changing world outside as well how it would accommodate long-standing and suppressed internal regional conflict.

Nellie Ross

Lead: In 1924 Wyoming became the first state to elect a woman to the office of Governor. Nellie Tayloe Ross served for two years and went on to distinguished national service.

                 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                 Content: With the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution in August 1920, the right to vote became a national right for women. The question remained whether women, now able to vote, would also attain full parity in political participation. When would women be elected to local office or congress in numbers comparable to their percentage in the population? The answer was not too soon. Decades would pass before women would step forward to assume a leadership role anything close to that of men in commerce, social life and politics. Progress was slow. One exception was Nellie Ross.

Spanish Cultural Diversity I

Lead: After the death of in 1975 Francisco Franco and the coming of democracy, Spain set out to deal with its rich cultural diversity. It was a complex task, centuries overdue.

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: From the outside, a casual observer might be forgiven if they did not recognize that modern Spain is a rich tapestry of cultural variety. Spain’s geographical proximity to Africa, a scant 20 miles across the Straits of Gibraltar, and its long northern border with France and the rest of Europe, have made it an ethnic land bridge, a magnet for different cultures, religions and peoples since long before the Roman Empire. The Greeks came, Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Visigoths and other Germanic tribes swirled into the void left by a collapsing Rome and then in the eighth century, crusading Arabs and Berbers from Africa brought evangelical Islam at the point of a sword. Then, for over seven centuries, Spain became one of the violent frontiers between Christian Europe and the Islamic culture to the south.

The Founding of Rome III

Lead: Breaking through the confusion of the myth-makers and the lack of written evidence is difficult, but beginning scant decades ago archeology began to supply a picture of the Founding of Rome.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Complicating the work of archeologists is the fact that the area that became the City of Rome has enjoyed almost continuous habitation. This requires that scholars interpret the evidence they discover. It is generally understood that the City of Rome emerged from the coalition of several villages in and around the hills that eventually constituted Rome. The heart of the City was probably a shepherd’s village which in time became linked with other villages on other hills and from that point the Forum, which up to that time had been used as a burial ground, became the open public space of Republican and Imperial times.

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The Founding of Rome II

Lead: Legends blend with facts in the story of the founding of Rome. At times, the political motives behind the legends are as charming as they are mysterious.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: It was said that the twin founders of the City of Rome, Romulus and Remus, began life as the victims of a palace coup in the mythical central Italian kingdom of Alva. Set adrift on the Tiber by their wicked uncle Amulius they miraculously survived. As befit the off-spring of Mars, they became great warriors, avenged themselves on Amulius, restored their grandfather to his rightful place as King and set out to found a city at the place of their rescue. The two brothers may have quarreled or there may have been a neighborhood brawl, but somehow Remus was killed, and Romulus founded the village that became the future city of Rome on April 21, 753 BCE.

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