Lead: In the fall of 31 BCE, Roman forces allied with Octavian, nephew of the assassinated Julius Caesar, defeated the combined fleets of his great rival Marc Antony and Antony’s consort Cleopatra. It was the end of much more than Antony’s ambitions.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The events that culminated at the Battle of Actium marked the end of the Roman Republic. Actium was a strategic village on the south side of the entrance to the vast Gulf of Arta, known today as Amvrakikόs Kόlpos in the west central region of Greece. It became the center of the Roman universe that fall because it was the point of clash between rival factions in the leadership of the arthritic Republic, clearly in its last days of life.