The Odyssey of Ezra Pound

Lead: When Cardinal Hildebrand became pope in the year 1073, he took the name Gregory VII. He was a stubborn man and probably more than the average pope enjoyed the role the church claimed for him as God's representative on earth.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Once he came to office he began to attack the practice of lay investiture. When a bishop took office he was invested or given the symbols of that office, usually a ring or staff, by the king or duke who controlled the area in which he would serve. Gregory wanted to stop that, he felt that only Churchmen should invest Churchmen with these symbols of office. In February 1075, the pope decreed that clerics who accepted investiture from laymen were to be thrown out of office and laymen who invested clerics were to be thrown out of the church..

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The Enigma Machine

Lead: When your enemy is stronger and is about to destroy you, the most important thing you need is the information about how he is about to do it.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: During the early years of World War II, Germany and Japanese forces seemed everywhere to be victorious. It quickly became clear that Britain and France and after them, the United States had to break the enemies’ code. 

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Ensign Smith Finds the Bismarck

Lead: With the world breathlessly awaiting the news, an American pilot peered into the mist and saw the object which two navies had been searching.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Leonard Smith was 26 years old, he was a farmer's son from Higgensville, Missouri. Since a boy he had always wanted to fly and in 1938 joined the Naval Reserve. When war broke out in Europe he was stationed near Seattle, flying Catalinas, the huge flying boats used for shore patrol. In 1941, Smith volunteered to go to England and teach British pilots how to fly the big flying boats. In May he joined 16 other volunteers who were loaned to British coastal command as special observers. Britain was at war at the time and Smith later said that it was the blind leading the blind. The British had plenty of operational flying but knew little about Catalinas. I knew something about Catalinas but no experience in operations.

 

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