Nuremberg Trials I

Lead: By 1943 the tide of victory had begun to shift in favor of the Allies. How they used that victory would give shape to the postwar world. One of their first tasks was to bring war criminals to justice at Nuremberg.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As World War II ground on, word began to slip out of occupied Europe describing terrible atrocities. These were not the acts of inhumanity normally associated with war. This was an organized terror rarely experienced in the modern era. Genocide on a scale theretofore considered unimaginable was engulfing groups thought by the Nazis and their allies to be subhuman. Jews, selected evangelical Christians, homosexuals, gypsies, the mentally infirm, and others were gradually being exterminated in Hitler's twisted pursuit of racial purity.

Calvin Leaves Geneva

Lead: Soon after he took refuge in the City of Geneva John Calvin was told by the City Council to take a hike.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The religious life of France, parts of Germany, England, and the United States have been heavily influenced by the thought of John Calvin, but it was in 16th century Geneva, Switzerland that he hammered out many of his religious and political ideas. Calvin's stay in Geneva was often a bumpy ride.

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Hitler’s Generals Conspire

Lead: By the fall of 1938 the Nazis had eliminated most opposition to Hitler but not all.

Intro.: "A Moment In Time” with Dan Roberts.

Content: The press, universities, political parties, the church, and the courts were either fully under the control of the regime or fear had neutralized them. This does not mean there was no opposition. In fact, some of the highest ranking officers of the German military were actively plotting against the Fuhrer. Unlike other Germans who loathed the Nazis, these men could do something about it.

 

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Canossa (Religious History)

Lead: When Cardinal Hildebrand became pope in the year 1073, he took the name Gregory VII. He was a stubborn man and probably more than the average pope enjoyed the role the church claimed for him as God's representative on earth.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Once he came to office he began to attack the practice of lay investiture. When a bishop took office he was invested or given the symbols of that office, usually a ring or staff, by the king or duke who controlled the area in which he would serve. Gregory wanted to stop that, he felt that only Churchmen should invest Churchmen with these symbols of office. In February 1075, the pope decreed that clerics who accepted investiture from laymen were to be thrown out of office and laymen who invested clerics were to be thrown out of the church. 

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The Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Lead: The suffering of Sarajevo in the 1990s recalls the events of another time in which through Sarajevo the world was led to war.

Intro: A Moment In Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Before World War I, Serbia and Bosnia-Hercegovina were separate countries. Many Serbs desired to bring together all ethnic Serbs into one national state. The problem was that this struck at the interests of Austria-Hungary. That empire was made up of many ethnic groups, and if the Serbs were allowed to carve out their own little country from the hip of the Empire, Austria’s future was in serious doubt. To block this in 1908 Vienna formally absorbed the provinces of Bosnia and Hercegovina, each with large Serbian ethnic populations. 

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Spanish Civil War

Lead: On July 18, 1936 a group of conservative Spanish generals, among them Francisco Franco, concerned about the chaotic conditions into which Spain was descending and the increasingly left-ward drift of the fledgling Spanish Republic, initiated a coup d'etat.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

To their surprise, the disparate factions that backed the Republic, mostly middle-class liberals, socialists, and Communists, aided by working class enthusiasm, vigorously united to resist the dismemberment of the constitutionally elected Republican government. The anticipated quick campaign turned into a civil war that lasted three bloody years and would later seem a full-blown dress rehearsal for World War II.

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George Sand

Lead: In November 1830 in a chateau in central France, an unhappy 26-year-old woman discovered in her husband’s desk a fat envelope on which was written her name and the words, “Only to be Opened After My Death.” For the Baroness Aurore Dudevant it became cause for her declaration of independence.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the packet, her husband Casimir had poured out volumes of bitterness and rancor built up in their years of marriage. For Aurore the role of dutiful wife and mother of their two young ones had never been particularly agreeable and the letter seemed good cause to break away from a man with whom she had little in common and whom she considered a drunken idler. Though her inheritance had provided the family its income, a married women in that era had little rights to her own money therefore when Madame Dudevant left for Paris she had to make her living as a writer.

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History’s Turning Points: The Black Death II

Lead: Historical study often helps reveal twists in the human journey. Among history’s turning points: Consider the results of the Black Death.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After the arrival of the bubonic plague in the 1340s, the people of Europe did not know what was consuming them. This ignorance spawned great acts of courage and compassion, particularly among the clergy, but also near barbaric brutality. Many people blamed the Jews, specifically for poisoning the drinking water. Christian civility went out the window and thousands of Jews were murdered. According to one source, 16,000 were killed in 1349 in Strasbourg alone. Many fled to Poland where in the 20th Century their descendants would be consumed in another Holocaust of human origin.