TODAY'S "A MOMENT IN TIME"
Thursday August 28, 2014
listen to history
history podcasts
printer friendly version

05-040 Indira Gandhi I

Thursday Aug 28, 2014

Lead: Born of a political family prominent in the movement for independence, Indira Gandhi became a leader in her own right as Prime Minister of India.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The daughter of Jawahalal Nehru--India's first Prime Minister following independence--after education in Switzerland and Oxford, Indira Gandhi returned home, married a lawyer, and then served her widowed father as hostess. By 1955 she had her own seat in the Indian Parliament and four years later became President of the Congress Party, the nation's strongest political alliance.

At Nehru's death, she served as Information Minister in the cabinet of his successor, Lal Bahadur Shastri. Shastri's death two years later threw the party into a leadership struggle and Indira emerged as a compromise candidate. Her backers thought she would be easily manipulated; in this they were sadly mistaken. Indira quickly established firm control over her party and then India.

Employing a ruling style considered by many as borderline authoritarian, Gandhi was Prime Minister from 1966 until 1977 and in 1980 returned for four more years. The nation made great strides in food yields and industrial production; however, despite these creative efforts, by the mid-1970s her popularity was suffering. Corruption, a troubled economy, efforts at establishing birth control that went contrary to ancient religious traditions, all served to undermine her rule. When she was convicted of illegal campaign practices, she declared a national emergency. Most Indians resented these tactics and her party suffered badly in the next election.

Next time: Assassination.

The Producer of A Moment in Time is Steve Clark. At the University of Richmond, this is Dan Roberts.

Resources

Malhotra, Inder. Indira Gandhi: A Personal and Political Biography. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1991.

Moraes, Dom. Indira Gandhi. Boston: Little Brown and Company 1980

Vasudev, Uma. Indira Gandhi: Revolution in Restraint. New Delhi, India: Indraprastha Press: 1974.

Copyright 2014 by Dan Roberts Enterprises,Inc.

spc08252014

Welcome to AMomentInTime.com with Dan Roberts!

A Moment In Time has made history come alive to all audiences (history enthusiasts and novices, alike) with its short segments on all the important events of human history.  Yet A Moment In Time has not stopped there and is always working to make all of this crucial information more accessible.

Now with podcasts (audio and video), TV segments and more, AMomentInTime.com is the handiest source of AMIT transcripts, audio, video, podcast, and RSS feeds of the internationally acclaimed public radio segment created, hosted and produced by Dan Roberts. 

Visit AMomentInTime.com regularly to read, hear and see the daily segments of AMIT or to find locations at which you can hear Dan Roberts speak live. And sign up to receive daily transcripts of A Moment In Time in your e-mail!

Copyright by Dan Roberts Enterprises, Inc.