Jamestown Journey – Spring, 1607 II – Blessed Arrival

Lead: After 6000 miles and months at sea, in April 1607, the Virginia Company’s tiny fleet at last made landfall in Virginia.

Intro.: Dan Roberts and A Moment in Time with Jamestown - Journey of Democracy, tracing the global advance of democratic ideals since the founding of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.

Content: It had not been an easy voyage. The three little ships led by Christopher Newport had been becalmed and assaulted by severe storms, but they at last had made it. On April 26th, the English sighted the coast of Virginia, specifically the cape they named Henry in honor of the son of King James I. The ships anchored offshore and sent a scouting party to check out the place. The first sign was an ominous one as a the group was attacked by a small band of native Americans. Two of the party were wounded.

 

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A House Divided: Overland Campaign II

 

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: West of Fredericksburg, Virginia is a dreary stretch of scrub oak and pine known as the Wilderness. There at Chancellorsville, a year before, Robert E. Lee had virtually executed Joseph Hooker’s Army in perhaps Lee’s most spectacular victory of the war, but Ulysses Grant was no Hooker. He crossed the Rapidan with 115,000 men and plunged into the Wilderness fully aware that Lee would try his magic once again. On May 5, 1864 Lee pitched into Grant’s flank, but in savage fighting in the smoke-clouded woods the two armies fought to a standstill.

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Lost H-Bomb

Lead: In January 1966, at the height of the Cold War, an armed U.S. Air Force B-52 crashed during a routine refueling over the Mediterranean coast of Spain. In the process, it lost a hydrogen bomb.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The giant B-52 was part of the Strategic Air Command’s regular flights to the edge of Soviet air space. Fully loaded, it held four H-bombs, each 100 times more powerful than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima. To make such a long trip from the continental United States required refueling, and as it approached the KC-135 jet tanker on January 17, 1966, the bomber accidentally rammed the refueling boom, destroying both planes. Aircraft parts and radioactive debris rained down on the Spanish countryside. Three bombs were recovered, but the United States had to endure the embarrassment that a fourth went missing. It had lost a nuclear bomb somewhere over Spain.

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A House Divided: Union Spring, 1862 III

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: With the fall of Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River on February 16, 1862, the North had a new hero. U.S. or “Unconditional Surrender” Grant, named for his demand that the garrison at Fort Donelson give up immediately with no conditions, was promoted to Major General and gradually began to orchestrate the collapse of Confederate control of western Tennessee and northern Mississippi. In short order Union forces swept out of Kentucky into Middle Tennessee, forcing the evacuation of Nashville and the fall of the first Confederate state capital.

 

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A House Divided: Overland Campaign I

 

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: President Lincoln would say it later but he understood a fundamental fact as spring turned to summer 1864. “Upon the progress of our arms, all else chiefly depends.” His re-election, emancipation and the restoration of the Union would not at any point be achieved by negotiation. In his message to Congress outlining discussions with Jefferson Davis that lamentable summer, he wrote that “Davis does not attempt to deceive us. He cannot voluntarily reaccept the Union, we cannot voluntarily yield it. Between him and us the issue is distinct, simple and inflexible. It is an issue which can only be tried by war, and decided by victory.

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A House Divided: Was Secession Constitutional? I

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The American crisis of 1860-1861 brought into bold relief one of the most important constitutional questions left unresolved by the Founders: just what were the parameters of Federal and State sovereignty? Where did the powers of the new Union begin and end and did a State, having committed itself to the united Republic, have the right resist the power of the Federal government and ultimately separate itself in an act of secession? In other words, was secession constitutional?

 

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A House Divided: Was Secession Constitutional? II

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When the South removed itself from the Union in 1860 and 1861, its partisans asserted that it was perfectly within its constitutional rights to exit from said compact, because states had freely joined the United States by ratifying the constitution. States that had joined could unjoin, therefore any attempt to force them to remain in the Union was an illegitimate enterprise. Secession was clearly constitutional.

 

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A House Divided: Union Spring, 1862 I

 

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After nearly half a year of Confederate victories, the spring of 1862 saw a significant shift in the opposite direction. This strategic transformation of the war inserted Union forces into the heart of the South, took back Western and Middle Tennessee, Louisiana and two state capitals, and laid the groundwork for the career of the most effective Union military leader of the war.

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