GI Bill of Rights

Lead: Originally conceived as a way of keeping unemployed ex-servicemen off the streets, the GI Bill transformed the campuses of American colleges.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Fearful that returning veterans would not be able to find jobs after World War II, Congress passed the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944. The main feature of the bill was a provision for unemployment benefits at the rate of $20 per week for a year. Almost as an afterthought, the bill's sponsors tossed in a section guaranteeing any qualified veteran the chance to attend college for 48 months, at least in part, at government expense.

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Juana La Loca, Queen of Castile II

Lead: At the dawn of the modern era, Castilian Queen Juana was beset by her own demons and used by ambitious relatives including her son. They called her Juana La Loca, Joanna the Mad.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The theory used to justify the rule of European royalty and the royal succession sounds very strange in a democratic age. Merit, hard work, peer selection, and universal voting for leaders (the franchise) counted for little. Blood, divine sanction, aristocratic connection, and privilege were at the heart of society and its rankings. A king’s right to rule was conferred by God and transferred at his death to his eldest son. When there was no son or child to receive the appropriate succession, the system reached out through blood connection to the nearest relative. If that person was a woman, the system began to malfunction. Such was the case during the first decade of the 1500s in Spain.

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Juana La Loca, Queen of Castile I

Lead: Ignored by her philandering husband, imprisoned by a calculating son, few figures in modern European royalty equal the tragic misery of Juana La Loca, the Mad Queen of Castile.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Juana or Joanna was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of the united Spanish kingdoms of Castile and Aragon. She was the third child and surviving heir to the dual kingdom. Her younger sister, Catherine, became the Queen of England, married to and then controversially divorced from King Henry VIII.

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The Parthenon

Lead: Etched on the Athenian skyline, the Parthenon has been subjected to abuse by a succession of regimes, but throughout, even in ruin, it has retained a profound elemental dignity.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: With the formal cessation of hostilities between the city-states of Greece and their Persian antagonist in 449 BC, the citizens of Athens and their formidable leader, Pericles, returned to pursuits of peace. He wished to make Athens a center of culture and intellect and began with a comprehensive program of construction and refurbishment. Pericles’ first project was a magnificent new structure that would dominate the Acropolis, the magnificent Temple of Athena or Parthenos.

 

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Booth’s Preview

Lead: Six weeks before he killed President Abraham Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth had a perfect opportunity to strike.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: It is indeed a remarkable photograph. The scene: the United States Capital on March 4, 1865. Photographer Alexander Gardner made several exposures of Abraham Lincoln taking the oath in his second Inauguration. One of the plates was damaged, a smudge appeared right over Lincoln, and the tall, gaunt figure of the President is obscured. The crowd is gathered closely around, filling every available space in front of the incomplete Capital Building.

 

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New York City’s First Subway

Lead: New York needed a subway. Alfred Beach was ready to supply it.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By 1870 the need to move people quickly around the City of New York was apparent to all. The streets were clogged with pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles and the steam and smoke put out by locomotives. Alfred Ley Beach, editor of the Scientific American and an inventor in his own right, had been experimenting with pneumatic propulsion, the use of air pressure to force a cylinder through a tightly sealed tube.

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American Revolution: Boston Rises IV

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: For the royal officials responsible for governing Massachusetts and collecting those taxes on imports decreed by the London colonial establishment, the problem was not so much their day-to-day duties in the late 1760s, but the broader issue of collapsing royal and social authority in America. The maintenance of law and order seemed to be on the downward curve of a slippery slope. They were most alarmed by the attitude of Americans which conjured up visions of the anarchy that swept across Britain during the English Civil war in the previous century, prior to the restoration of royal rule and aristocratic dominance. Claims to have government by the people and mob rule seemed to prevail everywhere they looked and this endangered the survival of traditional forms of governing.

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American Revolution: Boston Rises III

Lead: In the 1700s the United States broke from England. No colony in history had done that before. This series examines America’s Revolution.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: Perhaps one of the most pitiful players to emerge from the conflict between Britain and the colonies in the 1760s was Massachusetts Royal Governor Francis Bernard. A mild-mannered bureaucrat, he was caught between the demands of an increasingly obstinate London establishment and the political reality in a colonial constituency that was slipping far beyond his control. By the early months of 1768 Bernard had been on the job for nearly a decade though the political deterioration really began to accelerate with the passage of the Sugar and Stamp taxes and the intense reaction to them.

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